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Blog posts tagged in EASA

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Sofema Online (SOL), www.sofemaonline.com, considers the EASA Regulatory Framework

The Beginning of EASA / FAA Joint Certification

In the wake of the successful “technical cooperation” exemplified by the Anglo-French Concorde project, 1970 marked a significant milestone in aviation regulation. European authorities embarked on an initiative to create a harmonized set of requirements, aligning with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), for aircraft design specifications. This effort led to the establishment of the Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR 25). These requirements were recognized by the Civil Aviation Authorities (CAAs) of participating countries as an acceptable basis for demonstrating compliance with their national airworthiness codes. The existing airworthiness code, FAR Part 25 of the FAA, was selected as the foundation for JAR for Large Aeroplanes, commonly referred to as the Basic Code.

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Introduction by Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com

Following 21.A.239 Design management system within a Part 21 Subpart J Design Organisation. The regulations require that the design organization shall establish, implement, and maintain a design management system that includes a safety management element and a design assurance element with clearly defined accountability and lines of responsibility throughout the organization.

Extending ICAO Annex 19 to include Type Design Organisations represents a significant step forward in enhancing aviation safety. It recognizes the integral role of design and manufacturing in the safety ecosystem and aims to integrate safety management principles across all stages of the aviation lifecycle. While there are challenges and considerations in implementation, the overall goal is to create a more proactive, performance-based approach to safety management, aligning with the industry's growth and technological advancements.

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Posted by on in Regulatory

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the key aspects related to FAA Parts Manufacturing Authority and the acceptance within the EASA jurisdiction.

Did you know that FAA-PMA parts are approved by EASA? Under the European system, they are not merely accepted – they are approved under Technical Implementation Procedures Revision 7 - Section 3 – Design Approval Procedures

3.3.4 PMA Parts

EASA shall directly accept all FAA PMA approvals, without further showing, for modification and/ or replacement parts for installation on products certified or validated by EASA in the following cases:

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Sofema Online (SOL) takes a deep dive into the roles and responsibilities of aviation stores – professionals.

Introduction

The aviation industry is a complex and highly regulated environment where efficiency, safety, and precision are paramount. Within this ecosystem, the roles of Logistics Professionals, Stores Inspectors, and Tooling Stores Managers are crucial. These positions ensure that aviation operations, particularly maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) activities, run smoothly. Here, we discuss the significance of these roles and the recommended regulatory and vocational training necessary to carry out their responsibilities effectively.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.SofemaOnline.com considers how the EASA Management System Assessment Tool (MSAT) aligns with the objectives of ICAO Annex 19.

Introduction

Organizations can significantly enhance their safety performance by aligning closely with ICAO Annex 19 objectives and employing a structured approach to implementing and tracking the effectiveness of safety management practices.

EASA MSAT Issue 2 provides a comprehensive framework for achieving these goals within the EU aviation context, ensuring that organizations can meet international and regional safety management standards.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers key aspects related to contractual challenges within the Maintenance and Operational Domains.

  1. General Overview of Regulatory Requirements (Air Law) for Contracts

All aviation-related contracts must align with air law, including international agreements like the Chicago Convention and regulations set by bodies such as EASA or the relevant national aviation authority. Essential elements typically covered in such contracts include safety management, aircraft operation, maintenance standards, and personnel qualifications.

The aim is to ensure all aviation activities comply with the highest safety and regulatory standards.

In aviation, contracts play a crucial role in ensuring that operations, maintenance, and management adhere to the stringent regulatory requirements defined by air law. These requirements are enforced by international bodies such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), regional regulators like the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), and national aviation authorities. Complying with these regulatory frameworks presents a series of challenges, yet adherence can be achieved through the implementation of best practices.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the AM roles and responsibilities related to Aircraft Maintenance and CAMO Safety Audit Findings and Root Cause Analysis

Introduction

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) requires an accountable manager in aviation organizations to oversee and ensure compliance with aviation regulations and safety standards.

The roles and responsibilities of an accountable manager are crucial in maintaining safety and regulatory adherence within the organization.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the key elements when conducting contracts.

Introduction

In the highly specialized and regulated field of aviation, operational and maintenance contracts are foundational elements that ensure the seamless and safe functioning of aviation activities.

Legal and Regulatory Review in aviation operational and maintenance contracts is a critical process aimed at ensuring all contractual terms comply with existing legal and regulatory frameworks, safeguarding against potential legal and regulatory exposures.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the best processes to ensure safety assurance within an EASA Safety Management System (SMS).

Introduction – What is SMS – Safety Assurance?

Establishing and maintaining an EASA-compliant Safety Management System (SMS) is essential for aviation safety. The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) sets rigorous standards to ensure airlines and other aviation organizations maintain high safety levels

  • • EASA – Safety assurance – all planned and systematic actions necessary to afford adequate confidence that a product, a service, an organisation, or a functional system achieves acceptable or tolerable safety.
  • • FAA – Safety assurance – Processes within the SMS that function systematically to ensure the performance and effectiveness of safety risk controls and that the organization meets or exceeds its safety objectives through the collection, analysis, and assessment of information.
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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the key deliverables of an EASA - compliance CMO SMS

Introduction

Why it is important to deliver an effective integrated SMS recognizing the importance of the Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation (CAMO) sitting between maintenance and operations.

Safety management plays a vital role in an EASA Continuing Airworthiness Management Organization (CAMO) to maintain compliance, ensure aircraft safety, and coordinate efficiently between maintenance and operations.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers key elements of the EASA Management System Assessment Tool.

‘The management system shall correspond to the size of the organisation and the nature and complexity of its activities, taking into account the hazards and associated risks inherent in these activities’.

  • • Management System (MS)
  • • Safety Management System (SMS)

Whilst the rules address the main, systemic risks, they cannot address all the risks. (consider  the variety of different organisations, their services, and products as well as the wide range of operating environments.)

Note - “Being compliant” does not mean “being safe”. The MS of any type of organisation should notably remain resilient, agile, and vigilant in a continuously moving context (such as new business models or technologies or change of methods, emerging risks, competition, or crisis). Finally, good safety performance and resilience with the absence of negative safety events in the past do not guarantee safe operations in the future.

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Presented by Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com

The ultimate goal of aviation auditing under EASA regulations is to ensure the highest levels of safety and compliance. This objective is best achieved through a collaborative approach that respects the expertise and operational realities of the auditee while steadfastly upholding regulatory standards. By focusing on demonstrable non-compliance, engaging in clear and constructive communication, and exploring collaborative solutions to contentious findings, auditors and auditees can work together effectively to enhance aviation safety.

Auditing, particularly in the context of aviation under the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) regulations, involves detailed and rigorous compliance-driven evaluation processes to ensure compliance with safety and operational standards.

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Presented by Sofema Online (SOL) 

Introduction - Typically refers to the continuous surveillance and inspection of organisational and operational practices to ensure they meet established regulatory and internal standards.

It's a critical component of SMS, (do you agree?) Ensuring that safety measures are not only designed but also effectively implemented and maintained over time.

Note - Safety Management Systems (SMS) are systematic approaches to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies, and procedures. The core components of an SMS include safety policy, safety risk management, safety assurance, and safety promotion.

EASA Aviation organizations can successfully integrate SMS and compliance monitoring within a single organisational function. This integration not only enhances safety and quality but also aligns with EASA's regulatory requirements, ultimately fostering an organizational culture that prioritizes safety without creating stakeholder conflicts.

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Presented by Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com

Introduction

In the context of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) regulations, the distinction between Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC) is not just a matter of semantics but a regulatory requirement. EASA mandates that QA and QC serve distinct, yet complementary roles within the aviation sector, specifically emphasizing the independence of QA from production processes, in contrast to QC's direct involvement.

The requirement for QA to remain independent from, yet collaboratively engaged with, QC and production processes, highlights EASA's nuanced approach to aviation safety and quality control.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers key elements of Data Collection to support the use of the EASA Management System Assessment Tool.

Introduction Collecting Data

The safety data that an organisation should collect, should depend on the type of operations it performs, and its degree of digitalization (e.g. automated data-capturing systems).

  • • Filtered information will support the assessment of risks for data-rich organisations whereas organisations lacking data will rely more on expert judgement, risks known in the same profiling sector, or data pools (e.g., collaborative approach, risk sector profile);
  • • Data-rich organisations will be inclined to buy software supported by a robust risk assessment methodology to classify the risks in a more analytical, coherent approach.
  • • The volume of occurrence reports (voluntary and mandatory) as well as means and resources to manage them will depend on the safety culture; open-reporting culture, just culture; the magnitude of the operations and their criticality;
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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the typical obligations of an operator related to Winter Operations De-icing & Anti-icing.

Introduction

The responsibilities of aircraft operators regarding effective de-icing and anti-icing are crucial for ensuring safety during winter operations. These responsibilities are guided by several SAE International documents and standards, notably AS6285, AS6286, and AS6332, which collectively form the Globalized Aircraft Deicing Standards.

The responsibilities of aircraft operators regarding effective de-icing and anti-icing of aircraft are crucial for ensuring saf

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the regulatory requirements related to Aerodrome Operator Management.

Introduction

SUBPART D — MANAGEMENT — AERODROME OPERATORS (ADR.OR.D) ADR.OR.D.005 (Management System) Regulation (EU) No 139/2014

The aerodrome operator shall implement and maintain a management system integrating a safety management system.

The management system shall include:

>>  Clearly defined lines of responsibility and accountability throughout the aerodrome operator, including a direct accountability for safety on the part of senior management;

>>  A description of the overall philosophies and principles of the aerodrome operator with regard to safety, referred to as the safety policy, signed by the accountable manager;

>>   A formal process that ensures that hazards in operations are identified;

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the necessary steps to perform a Failure Modes Effect Analysis (FMEA)

Introduction - Establish the context and purpose

The purpose of FMEA is to take actions to eliminate or reduce failures, starting with the highest-priority ones. FMEA is a dynamic tool and should be revisited over time, especially after changes have been made in the design or process.

>> Define the system, subsystem, or process to be analyzed. Determine the scope, the reason for the analysis, and the team who will conduct the FMEA.

o This team should include a cross-section of experts from various fields such as design, manufacturing, quality, and reliability engineering.

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the use of FMEA as part of the certification process.

Introduction

Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) is a systematic, proactive method for evaluating a process or a system to identify where and how it might fail and to assess the relative impact of different failures in order to identify parts of the process that are most in need of change.

FMEA typically involves cross-functional teams, fostering collaboration and knowledge-sharing among different stakeholders, leading to a more comprehensive analysis.

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Sofema Online (SOL ) www.sofemaonline.com considers the regulatory requirements related to Information Security Management (ISM) and the key compliance audit elements.

What is an EASA Aerodrome Information Security Threat?

  • Information security threat may be any circumstance or event with the potential to adversely

>> Impact the operation, systems and/or constituents due to

  • Human action (accidental, casual or purposeful, intentional or unintentional, mistaken)
  • Resulting from unauthorised access, use, disclosure, denial, disruption, modification, or
  • Destruction of information and/or information system interfaces.
  • This includes malware and the effects of external systems on dependent systems but does not include physical threats.
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