Recent blog posts

Sofema Aviation Services considers the new regulation

Subjects Covered

a) Aircraft listed on an air operator certificate (AOC) for non-commercial operations and specialized operations

Introduces new rules to allow the change of use of the aircraft from CAT operations to non-commercial operations or specialized operations.

Flexible to enable the use of the same aircraft by operators performing non-commercial operations or specialised operations, without removing the aircraft from the air operator certificate (‘AOC’).

Last modified on

SofemaOnline takes a look at the Purpose of Maintenance Reserves within an Aircraft Leasing Arrangement

Introduction

The concept of Maintenance Reserves is designed to “protect” the Lessor by ensuring funds are available to cover major activities.

Maintenance reserve payments are typically calculated on flight hour, flight cycle, and/or calendar basis and are usually paid on a monthly basis in arrears.

At the time an aircraft is taken out of service for maintenance, the lessor should already have funds to cover the cost of outstanding maintenance.

Last modified on

Posted by on in Regulatory

Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand November 25th to November 27th, 2019

SofemaOnline looks at the preparation for the Engines during the Aircraft Lease Return.

Introduction

The lessee’s challenge during the end of lease handover is to have “All” and we really do mean “All” information that the lessor may require to hand.

Consider that there are some months to prepare this information - conversely consider the pain of last-minute hunting (and potentially failing to find the required information).

We have previously discussed the cost of poor preparation and the impact it can have on the Operators Cashflow.

Last modified on

Discussion by Steve Bentley CEO of Sofema Group www.sassofia.com

Forthcoming Training Notification - Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand 9 am to 5 pm from November 25th to November 27th, 2019. Please see the following link for details: https://sassofia.com/course/managing-aircraft-lease-agreements-and-maintenance-reserves-3-days-bangkok-thailand/

Introduction

An aircraft’s Maintenance Planning Data (MPD) document provides planning information necessary for each operator to develop a customized scheduled maintenance program. However, the choice of an operator’s maintenance program is predicated on many variables, key among them is cost, technical knowledge & skill, and operational profile.

Last modified on

Sofema Aviation Services considers the generic requirements associated with the Storage and Return to Service of Aircraft during or prior to leasing. 

Forthcoming Training Notification - Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand 9 am to 5 pm from November 25th to November 27th, 2019. Please see the following link for details: https://sassofia.com/course/managing-aircraft-lease-agreements-and-maintenance-reserves-3-days-bangkok-thailand/

Introduction

Please treat as a Generic Guide only as in each case it is necessary to consult with the Type Certificate Holders (TCH) Approved Maintenance Data.

Environment

Always consider that High Humidity, as well as Cold & Wet environments, can have quite negative effects on stored airframes, so factor this into your considerations and ensure correct steps are taken.

Last modified on

Process Review by SofemaOnline

Introduction

Clearly an airframe or engine which is just out of a maintenance overhaul has a higher market value than one that is coming due for major maintenance.

To mitigate and provide structure to aircraft leases maintenance reserves, (MR) accumulate during the term of the lease with the goal of covering the cost of maintenance.

These funds are typically collected to account for “high value” elements, for example, the cost of airframe, engine, landing gear, and APU.

Last modified on

SofemaOnline takes a look at the best practice preparation with the CAMO Technical Records Department to prepare for an end of lease handover.

Forthcoming Training Notification - Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand 9 am to 5 pm from November 25th to November 27th 2019. Please see the following link for details: https://sassofia.com/course/managing-aircraft-lease-agreements-and-maintenance-reserves-3-days-bangkok-thailand/

Introduction to Aircraft Lease Return Conditions 

Effective maintenance planning is integral to the successful re-delivery of an aircraft, and this must be considered when agreeing on return terms.

Last modified on

SofemaOnline takes a look at the importance of Aircraft Technical Records within the context of Aircraft Leasing

Introduction

When an aircraft has significant disconnects in the integrity of the records the value of the aircraft can be substantially affected. (Any lapses in maintenance documentation can be used as financial leverage). Airlines routinely spend up to $2000,000 USD related to narrow body returns and the majority of lease return costs relate to disconnects in the aircraft technical records.

The Value of an Aircraft equal is Technical Records?

Well, when you consider that without the Technical Records which support the aircraft it will not be able to fly then it is effectively a true statement!

Last modified on

SofemaOnline takes a look at what SMS Internal Reporting Elements should be addressed in the context of the Organisational 145 SMS 

Reporting Systems should include the possibility of Voluntary and Confidential Elements, however, please note that an essential feature of a successful system is the willingness of the Employees to engage with the system. In fact, this becomes a key measure of an effective system.

Introduction

The overall purpose of the internal safety reporting scheme is to use the reported information to improve the level of the safety performance of the organisation, and not to attribute blame.

The scheme is an essential part of the overall monitoring function and should be complementary to the normal day-to-day procedures and ‘control’ systems; it is not intended to duplicate or supersede any of them.

Last modified on

SofemaOnline takes a look at what SMS related Change Management Processes are coming into EASA 145 Management Systems 

Introduction

Unless they are properly managed, changes in organisational structure, facilities, the scope of work, personnel, documentation, policies, and procedures, etc. can result in the inadvertent introduction of new hazards and expose the organisation to new or increased risk.

Effective organisations seek to improve their processes, with conscious recognition that changes can expose the organisation to potentially latent hazards and risks if they are not properly and effectively managed.

Last modified on

Comment by Steve Bentley CEO of www.sassofia.com 

Quality Assurance is considered as a subset of SMS. Is this correct? 

What does EASA Say? 

These key safety management processes are supported by a compliance monitoring function as an integral part of the management system for safety.

Most aviation safety regulations constitute generic safety risk controls established by the ‘regulator’. Therefore, ensuring effective compliance with the regulations during daily operations and independent monitoring of compliance are fundamental to any management system for safety.

The compliance monitoring function may, in addition, support the follow-up of safety risk mitigation actions.

Last modified on

Sofema Aviation Services looks at what is coming related to EASA Part 145 Management System 

Introduction

EASA objective is to encourage organisations to embed safety management and risk-based decision-making into all their activities, instead of superimposing another system onto their existing management system and governance structure.

The new elements that are introduced by the NPA 145 in particular address component 2 ‘Safety Risk Management’ of the ICAO SMS framework. and address component 3 ‘Safety Assurance’.

It is important to recognise that safety management will be a continuous activity, as hazards, risks and the effectiveness of safety risk mitigations will change over time. 

Last modified on

SofemaOnline looks at the challenges related to the potential uncertainty of the status of instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA) and needs, therefore, to avoid there being too much room for interpretation in the rules and standards, leading to differences and possible safety risks.

The specific objective is to establish clear requirements and responsibilities for all parties involved in the production of ICA, their approval and their implementation.

The Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) proposes to amend Annex I (Part 21) of Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 to clarify that ICA are part of the type certificate (TC) and to develop the related acceptable means of compliance (AMC) and guidance material (GM).

It also merges the requirements related to record-keeping, manuals and ICA in the various subparts into a single requirement for each of these aspects in Subpart A (new points 21.A.5, 6 and 7).

Last modified on

SofemaOnline takes a looks at NPA 2018-11

The objective of this Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) is to improve the level of safety related to the minimum syllabus of maintenance certifying staff (MCS) type rating training (TRT), enabling design approval holders (DAHs) that comply with Annex I (Part 21) of Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 to identify the technical elements necessary to be addressed for the purpose of training of maintenance certifying staff involved in the maintenance of their products.

In addition, the intent is to ensure an adequate minimum syllabus standard at organisations that comply with Annex IV (Part-147) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014.

This NPA proposes:

The first issue of Certification Specification on Maintenance Certifying Staff (MCS) data (CS-MCSD) and the associated Guidance Material (GM);

Last modified on

Sofemaonline.com offers online training including EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors compliant training for third country workshop personnel

Introduction

It is important to ensure that all employees are aware of how to act in the event of a workplace emergency. Whilst not every person needs to be qualified as a fire marshal or Emergency First Aid Responder, it is important that a number of employees are "highly trained" and all employees have an general awareness of all potential emergencies and how to proceed.

All employees should understand what constitutes an emergency or disaster at the workplace?

Additionally, to understand:

Last modified on

Posted by on in Regulatory

SofemaOnline takes a deep dive into Root Cause Analysis (RCA)

Introduction - What Do We Mean when we talk about "Root Cause"?

This is the first challenge and typically causes must confusion across the business with some people believing there is always a “single” root cause to a particular issue or problem.

In fact, as we will quickly see there can indeed be multiple root causes associated with a single problem.

The purpose of the Root Cause Analysis is to understand the causal factors that contribute to a particular event.

Last modified on

Sofemaonline.com offers online training including EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors compliant training for third country workshop personnel 

Introduction to Hazards & Risk 

Hazard - Consider that a Hazard has the potential to disrupt or cause harm in some way - this does not in any way mean that it will - simply it can.

Risk - When we look at risk we are trying to determine how great is our exposure to the perceived hazard. So risk is subjective and the more effective the risk analysis and mitigation process the less likely we are to suffer the consequence of a “hazard”.

Reality Check 1 - Maintenance professionals are of course human and therefore prone to human error. Therefore acceptance of vulnerability and potential exposure is the first step in taking responsibility and avoiding risk-taking behaviours. 

Last modified on

As part of the proposals to be found in forthcoming regulation NPA 2019-05 (C) SMS will be introduced into the EASA 145 Environment

Presented by SofemaOnline - a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA, FAA and other leading regulatory compliant and vocational online courses, many with voice over.

Introduction - Safety Management Systems (SMS) - Nothing New?

SMS became an ICAO requirement as of Jan 2009 and EASA is late to embed SMS within the “145” environment. However, there is a very important aspect of SMS to consider and it is this. 

The fact that everyone is “familiar” with SMS is a source of potential challenge and even “danger”. Why? - Familiarity Breeds Contempt (Hear that one before?)

Ask your colleague to explain to you the difference between Hazard & Risk or The Difference between Compliance Auditing (Quality Assurance) and Safety Auditing, and you will see the point!

Last modified on

Introducing Changes to Production Planning - 145.A.47 (Forthcoming regulation NPA 2019-05 (C))

Presented by SofemaOnline - a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA, FAA and other leading regulatory compliant and vocational online courses, many with voice over.

The purpose of the Fatigue Risk Management System (FRMS) is to promote a reduction, as far as practicably reasonable, workplace fatigue and its associated risks, to ensure a safe and error-free work environment for employees, contractors, and clients.

FRMS should ideally be a component of your SMS, commitment from senior and line management together with clear consultation and effective communication with all employees should be ensured to provide a positive safety culture.

Last modified on

Introducing 145.A.37 (Forthcoming regulation NPA 2019-05 (C))

Presented by SofemaOnline - a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA, FAA and other leading regulatory compliant and vocational online courses, many with voice over.

Why Should 145 Organisations be involved with the issuance of Airworthiness Review Certificates?

The Answer is basically to fill a niche, the approval is quite restricted and is only applicable to small “None AOC” aircraft – namely.

The Certificate which is used to provide the ARC is EASA Form 15C.

What is ML.1?

Last modified on