SofemaOnline

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Introduction 

SofemaOnline (SOL) is pleased to announce the availability of a dedicated training program for EASA Third Country Part 145 Component Maintenance Organisation Part 66 Module 9 & Part 66 Module 10 online training which taken together is available as a specially priced package.

EASA requires that Third Country Part 145 Component, Engine & APU Certifying Staff are familiar with and can demonstrate completion of EASA Part 66 Training appropriate to Module 9 Human Factors & Module 10 Air Legislation.

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www.Sofemaonline.com enables competence development for both individuals and organizations providing a valuable regulatory and vocational learning opportunity.

Our Learning Diplomas are quickly becoming an effective solution to the challenge of building competency, with more than 150 online courses currently available we are ideally positioned to support your training needs. The Sofema Online team is renowned for its excellent preparation and organization skills providing a superb online learning experience as well as a friendly and approachable customer service – Contact Sofema Online now at Online@sassofia.com  

Sofema Courses are developed by subject matter experts with a strong work ethic as well as a deep knowledge and passion for their subject. Our focus is aimed at raising your competency by significantly improving your knowledge, understanding and practical skills.

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SofemaOnline - Case Study Eastern Airlines

Introduction

For many people in aviation today the events of Eastern Airlines Flight 855 are long forgotten, however, the memory does live on and on this fateful day many lives were saved thanks to the calm and professional approach of the pilots.

What happened?

On May 5, 1983, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, registration N334EA, en route from Miami International Airport to Nassau International Airport, experienced the loss of all three engines near Miami, Florida. Following a decision to return to Miami.

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SofemaOnline reviews the errors specifically attributable to interaction with documentation in the production of task cards and other maintenance data.

Introduction

It is both understood and recognized that certain aircraft maintenance errors are strongly linked to the issue of documentation both related to its content as well as the lack of use/engagement.

Related to technical authorship the primary concern is that the technician may misunderstand the information/context and as a result use their own knowledge instead of seeking clarification of a potential anomaly.

Case Study (Based on Data gathered following investigation & workshops)

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SofemaOnline takes a look at the pros and cons of aircraft lease options

The acquisition cost of aircraft is a significant undertaking with Boeing & Airbus Narrow Body Jets around the million USD.

Serious discounts are on offer for multiple purchases and with the buying power of the large leasing companies typically able to order aircraft well into double digits the leasing companies are able to generate interesting options for operators whereby the cost of acquisition can be more competitive from a leasing company than going to the manufacturer directly.

Note - Whilst this applies of course to new aircraft and the leasing companies have the added advantage of a portfolio of pre-owned aircraft.

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Posted by on in Regulatory

SofemaOnline looks at language-related issues and exposure-related specifically to the Aviation Maintenance environment

Introduction

Communication effectiveness and efficiency serve as an important pillar to maintain safety and aviation professionals have a responsibility to engage with a fully understandable communication process.

Communication enables people, processes, structure, and systems, to interact simultaneously and effectively. Communication skills not only include verbal behavior and effective use of the appropriate words but include the need to ensure appropriate tone of voice, body expression, as well as other gestures.

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Sofema Aviation Services considers the Challenges of Developing an Effective Training Needs Analysis in support of EASA Part 147 type training

All Maintenance Training Organisations are required to generate their own TNA (Training Needs Analysis) and syllabus to develop their type or basic training courses in accordance with regulation 1321/2014.

Whilst the TNA process is proprietorial to the organization which creates the training course it is nevertheless a requirement that the entire process is subject to audit either by the applicable CAA or another auditor.

The essential purpose of the audit is to ensure the validity of the TNA management process. In particular to ensure the correctness of TNA outcomes including the training duration.

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Considering Changes introduced by COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/1383 of 8 July 2019 amending and correcting Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 as regards safety management systems in continuing airworthiness management organizations and alleviation's for general aviation aircraft concerning maintenance and continuing airworthiness management.

Sofema Aviation Services considers the new regulation

Subjects Covered

Related to Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 & the introduction of simplified Continuous Airworthiness (CAW) requirements corresponding to the lower risks associated with light aircraft in general aviation, which is not listed in the air operator certificate of an air carrier.

Related to Aircraft Maintenance Programmes (AMP) airworthiness reviews and deferment of defects.

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Sofema Aviation Services considers the new regulation

Subjects Covered

a) Aircraft listed on an air operator certificate (AOC) for non-commercial operations and specialized operations

Introduces new rules to allow the change of use of the aircraft from CAT operations to non-commercial operations or specialized operations.

Flexible to enable the use of the same aircraft by operators performing non-commercial operations or specialised operations, without removing the aircraft from the air operator certificate (‘AOC’).

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SofemaOnline takes a look at the Purpose of Maintenance Reserves within an Aircraft Leasing Arrangement

Introduction

The concept of Maintenance Reserves is designed to “protect” the Lessor by ensuring funds are available to cover major activities.

Maintenance reserve payments are typically calculated on flight hour, flight cycle, and/or calendar basis and are usually paid on a monthly basis in arrears.

At the time an aircraft is taken out of service for maintenance, the lessor should already have funds to cover the cost of outstanding maintenance.

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Posted by on in Regulatory

Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand November 25th to November 27th, 2019

SofemaOnline looks at the preparation for the Engines during the Aircraft Lease Return.

Introduction

The lessee’s challenge during the end of lease handover is to have “All” and we really do mean “All” information that the lessor may require to hand.

Consider that there are some months to prepare this information - conversely consider the pain of last-minute hunting (and potentially failing to find the required information).

We have previously discussed the cost of poor preparation and the impact it can have on the Operators Cashflow.

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Discussion by Steve Bentley CEO of Sofema Group www.sassofia.com

Forthcoming Training Notification - Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand 9 am to 5 pm from November 25th to November 27th, 2019. Please see the following link for details: https://sassofia.com/course/managing-aircraft-lease-agreements-and-maintenance-reserves-3-days-bangkok-thailand/

Introduction

An aircraft’s Maintenance Planning Data (MPD) document provides planning information necessary for each operator to develop a customized scheduled maintenance program. However, the choice of an operator’s maintenance program is predicated on many variables, key among them is cost, technical knowledge & skill, and operational profile.

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Sofema Aviation Services considers the generic requirements associated with the Storage and Return to Service of Aircraft during or prior to leasing. 

Forthcoming Training Notification - Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand 9 am to 5 pm from November 25th to November 27th, 2019. Please see the following link for details: https://sassofia.com/course/managing-aircraft-lease-agreements-and-maintenance-reserves-3-days-bangkok-thailand/

Introduction

Please treat as a Generic Guide only as in each case it is necessary to consult with the Type Certificate Holders (TCH) Approved Maintenance Data.

Environment

Always consider that High Humidity, as well as Cold & Wet environments, can have quite negative effects on stored airframes, so factor this into your considerations and ensure correct steps are taken.

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Process Review by SofemaOnline

Introduction

Clearly an airframe or engine which is just out of a maintenance overhaul has a higher market value than one that is coming due for major maintenance.

To mitigate and provide structure to aircraft leases maintenance reserves, (MR) accumulate during the term of the lease with the goal of covering the cost of maintenance.

These funds are typically collected to account for “high value” elements, for example, the cost of airframe, engine, landing gear, and APU.

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SofemaOnline takes a look at the best practice preparation with the CAMO Technical Records Department to prepare for an end of lease handover.

Forthcoming Training Notification - Managing Aircraft Lease Agreements and Maintenance Reserves - 3 Days - Bangkok, Thailand 9 am to 5 pm from November 25th to November 27th 2019. Please see the following link for details: https://sassofia.com/course/managing-aircraft-lease-agreements-and-maintenance-reserves-3-days-bangkok-thailand/

Introduction to Aircraft Lease Return Conditions 

Effective maintenance planning is integral to the successful re-delivery of an aircraft, and this must be considered when agreeing on return terms.

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SofemaOnline takes a look at the importance of Aircraft Technical Records within the context of Aircraft Leasing

Introduction

When an aircraft has significant disconnects in the integrity of the records the value of the aircraft can be substantially affected. (Any lapses in maintenance documentation can be used as financial leverage). Airlines routinely spend up to $2000,000 USD related to narrow body returns and the majority of lease return costs relate to disconnects in the aircraft technical records.

The Value of an Aircraft equal is Technical Records?

Well, when you consider that without the Technical Records which support the aircraft it will not be able to fly then it is effectively a true statement!

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SofemaOnline takes a look at what SMS Internal Reporting Elements should be addressed in the context of the Organisational 145 SMS 

Reporting Systems should include the possibility of Voluntary and Confidential Elements, however, please note that an essential feature of a successful system is the willingness of the Employees to engage with the system. In fact, this becomes a key measure of an effective system.

Introduction

The overall purpose of the internal safety reporting scheme is to use the reported information to improve the level of the safety performance of the organisation, and not to attribute blame.

The scheme is an essential part of the overall monitoring function and should be complementary to the normal day-to-day procedures and ‘control’ systems; it is not intended to duplicate or supersede any of them.

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SofemaOnline takes a look at what SMS related Change Management Processes are coming into EASA 145 Management Systems 

Introduction

Unless they are properly managed, changes in organisational structure, facilities, the scope of work, personnel, documentation, policies, and procedures, etc. can result in the inadvertent introduction of new hazards and expose the organisation to new or increased risk.

Effective organisations seek to improve their processes, with conscious recognition that changes can expose the organisation to potentially latent hazards and risks if they are not properly and effectively managed.

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Comment by Steve Bentley CEO of www.sassofia.com 

Quality Assurance is considered as a subset of SMS. Is this correct? 

What does EASA Say? 

These key safety management processes are supported by a compliance monitoring function as an integral part of the management system for safety.

Most aviation safety regulations constitute generic safety risk controls established by the ‘regulator’. Therefore, ensuring effective compliance with the regulations during daily operations and independent monitoring of compliance are fundamental to any management system for safety.

The compliance monitoring function may, in addition, support the follow-up of safety risk mitigation actions.

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Sofema Aviation Services looks at what is coming related to EASA Part 145 Management System 

Introduction

EASA objective is to encourage organisations to embed safety management and risk-based decision-making into all their activities, instead of superimposing another system onto their existing management system and governance structure.

The new elements that are introduced by the NPA 145 in particular address component 2 ‘Safety Risk Management’ of the ICAO SMS framework. and address component 3 ‘Safety Assurance’.

It is important to recognise that safety management will be a continuous activity, as hazards, risks and the effectiveness of safety risk mitigations will change over time. 

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