Sofema Online (SOL) looks at typical descriptors for Defenses that reduce or mitigate the risk related to a particular hazard.


Consider the Term “As Low as Reasonably Practicable” (ALARP). Not all risks are manageable to the extent that they are either no longer a factor or they are economically impractical to mitigate means the cost outweighs the benefit.

Hazard Identification / Risk Assessment is carried out in order to identify the hazards in the organizational systems and operational environment. It also supports the risk assessment where we consider the probability of occurrence and the severity of the hazard effects are analyzed and where the magnitude of the risk and its acceptability are determined.

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Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) considers the role, purpose, and applicability of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Annex 8.


ICAO SARPS (Standards and Recommended Practices) for each area of ICAO responsibility are contained in 19 Annexes. Each Annex deals with a particular subject area. All are subject to regular amendments and the detail in respect of many of them is contained in publications in the numbered ICAO Document Series.

Annex 8

Annex 8 Concerns the Airworthiness of Aircraft specifically related to the design, construction in accordance with the requirements of the State of Design and Operation in compliance with the appropriate airworthiness requirements of the State of Registry of the aircraft.

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Review by Sofema Online (SOL)

ICAO Current Status Regarding Recommendations

Please see here

» As the response of the ICAO Medical Section indicates, the subject of the carriage of AEDs on board passenger aircraft, has been, and is under active consideration in ICAO.

What is the purpose of an AED?

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the process of reviewing the system’s effectiveness following the completion of a Base Maintenance Check.


An ideal time to optimize the various processes occurs following each maintenance check, an investment in this opportunity will typically reap benefits in overall efficiency & effectiveness.

Consider the typical issues which can be looked at following the completion of a maintenance check:

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Sofema Online (SOL) ( considers the information issued by EASA concerning the various implementation deadlines for compliance with EASA Part 145 Safety Management System Requirements.

» When do I need to Implement SMS within my Part 145 Organisation?
» What are the SMS Deadlines Regarding EASA Part 145 Approval?
» Implementation of Safety Management System in Part-145 Maintenance Organisations in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2021/1963.

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