Recent blog posts

Sofema Online (SOL) considers the various requirements related to the issue of Export Airworthiness Certification.

Introduction – Export Airworthiness Approval Procedures

Export Certificates of Airworthiness are issued by the FAA and the CAA for completed aircraft.

» Authorized Release Certificates (Airworthiness Approval Tags), or equivalent, are issued by the FAA and the CAA for aircraft engines, propellers, and articles.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the function of evaluation board and operational suitability data related to FAA & UK CAA Type Certification.

Introduction UK CAA Evaluation Process

The UK CAA system (derived from EASA) includes, under the type certification process, an approval of data that are considered necessary for the safe operation of an aircraft, called the Operational Suitability Data (OSD).

» These data, once approved, are attached to the TC through a reference in the TCDS and owned by the TC holder.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the optimum organizational safety system behaviours to effectively monitor safety performance.

Introduction - ICAO identifies an SPI as a “a data-based safety parameter used for monitoring and assessing safety performance.”  By developing effective organizational SPIs, we are able to measure and manage the processes to ensure the optimum output with a focus on the precursors of potentially serious events, rather than current visible outcome.

Why to Use Safety Performance Indicators?

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the primary roles and responsibilities of MCC Personnel.

Duty Material Planner / AOG Desk

The Duty Material Planner / AOG Desk is responsible to the Manager Maintenance Control to ensure that provisioning of parts, material & tooling is available to support the short term requirements and deferred defect rectification. In addition to expedite all material parts & tooling to support Aircraft which are AOG (Aircraft on Ground).

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A Great Question and Sofema Online (SOL) is pleased to provide the answer!

It’s for anyone who wants to accelerate their personal learning and to be able to demonstrate core competency related to regulatory knowledge. 

Gain access now to over 250 Regulatory Compliant & Vocational Training Courses

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Sofema Online (SOL) provides the answers!

To Answer the Question – Sofema Online Freedom Pass is

>> Suitable for anyone wishing to accelerate their EASA regulatory and vocational learning path development.

>> If you are building Knowledge & Competence in support of career advancement.

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Sofema Online (SOL) looks at the value of the Freedom Pass Program.

SOL is a web-based online training platform focused on delivering high quality online regulatory and vocational courses in the field of aviation, compliant within the scope of EASA, FAA, and other regulatory environments, together with additional competence building courses to provide for vocational training within the scope of the applicable regulatory environment.

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Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) and Sofema Online (SOL) are pleased to provide guidance & support to assist 145 organisations on the Road to SMS Implementation compliant with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/1963.


The focus of the Part 145 SMS will be to ensure the following:

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the essential aspects of modification activity during lease acceptance, transition & return.

Multiple options are on the table related to:

» What work will be performed (Returning Lessee or New Lessee or Outsourced)?
» Who will perform the work?
» Who will pay for the work or is a rental offset appropriate?

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Posted by on in Regulatory

Sofema Online (SOL) introduces Operational Suitability Data.

Introduction & Regulatory Drivers for OSD

With the entry into force of Commission Regulation (EU) No 69/2014 on 18 February 2014 the concept of Operational Suitability Data (OSD) was implemented, integrating operational evaluation elements into the certification design process as foreseen in the Basic Regulation1. Available operational suitability data are then referenced in the applicable Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS).

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the role and purpose of OSD.

Introduction Operational Suitability Data (OSD)

The European Commission published OSD requirements on 27 January 2014 requiring aircraft (and Helicopter) manufacturers, to submit data that EASA considers important for safe operations.

Operational Suitability Data (OSD)” means data, which are part of an aircraft type-certificate, restricted type- certificate or supplemental type-certificate, consisting of all of the following:

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Considerations by Sofema Online (SOL) looking at best practices to implement a Cyber Risk Mitigation Process within your organisation.


Cyber security is not just about external protection of your data and information from external threats, we also have to consider any internal exposure as well.

To cover all potential eventualities, we need to develop an organisation risk mitigation strategy for managing cyber risks.

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SofemaOnline (SOL) considers the role and purpose of online instructional training courses.

Introduction by Steve Bentley CEO of SofemaOnline:

As of 2022 EASA permits all Type Training and up to 50% of practical training to be performed online. The reality is that the post-COVID world will never be the same and the willingness of people to engage with online training has never been more evident.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the essential elements to be found in a Cyber Security Management System


The potential for Cyber-attacks now appears almost inevitable and as a result, there is a need to address which requires investment in Cyber-Security

Consider foremost that Cyber Security Measures should be taken in respect of both the company and its supply chain including partners as well as outsourced service providers.

Each organization has an obligation to recognize that we face cybersecurity risks as well as a need to develop a company-wide policy to address these risks.

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Sofema Online Supports the Objective of Appendix IV Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014

Introduction - EASA requires 3rd Country holders of EASA Part 145 Approval to ensure that their Certifying staff have completed training compliant with EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors & Module 10 Air Legislation. To support this requirement Sofema Online has made available an online training providing both modules fully compliant with every element of the module requirements delivered at “Level 2” throughout.

Additionally, to comply with the requirements of 145.A.30 Personnel requirements (j) By derogation to points (g) and (h), in relation to the obligation to comply with Annex III (Part66), the organisation may use certifying staff qualified in accordance with the following provisions:

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the key factors involved in the process of Aviation Risk Communication


Related to your Safety System:

       »  Do you know who are your organisation primary stakeholders?
       »  How are you going to deliver and measure the effectiveness of your communication process?
       »  What communication tools will you use?

Communication-related to the risks faced by the organisation must happen throughout the risk management process.
Effective Communication means not only sharing safety information amongst your peer group but also flowing throughout the organisation, including “up” to the leadership team and “down” to the frontline staff.
All employees should feel comfortable expressing concern regarding safety matters without any fear of retribution from supervisors. (Embracing a “just culture” serves to encourage better and more open communication.)

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the fundamental aspects of Aviation Business Risk Management


Risk management is a decision-making process that is designed to:

       »  Identify hazards in a controlled and systematic way
       »  Assess the degree of risk, and determine the best course of action. Key terms are:

Important Note: Absolute safety is not possible simply because complete freedom from all hazardous conditions is not possible.

Therefore, safety is a relative term that implies a level of risk that is both perceived and accepted.


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Posted by on in Regulatory

Sofema Online (SOL) considers the fundamental aspects of Aviation Business Risk Management.


EASA is increasingly focusing on the introduction of Performance (Risk) Based Regulation (PBR) as a complement to a Prescriptive (Compliance Based) Regulation. With the goal of ensuring the best allocation of resources to both understand the risk facing the business together with the development of appropriate mitigations.

Risk Management should be considered a top-down process aimed at both understanding the scope of risks that the company faces and developing appropriate mitigations.

Risk management is essential to the ongoing well-being of the organisation and needs to be integrated into the basic operations of the organisation at all levels.

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Posted by on in Regulatory

Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) looks at the current cyber climate and considers the challenges which the industry faces.

Aviation cyber security may be considered as the application of technologies, processes and controls to protect systems, networks, programs, devices and data from cyber-attacks. It aims to reduce the risk of cyber-attacks and protect against the unauthorised exploitation of systems, networks and technologies.

The possibility for malicious aviation cyber acts continue to threaten the integrity of the aviation system and the potential grows almost daily. A continuing challenge is a task of identifying potential cyber vulnerabilities across many different and often complex aviation systems, some integrated and some disparate.

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SofemaOnline (SOL) Considers Attitudes & Techniques which lead to a successful outcome when negotiating.

Making Concessions

Try to avoid making the first major concession, avoid creating the perception that the other party can raise their anticipated or expected outcomes.

» Take the early proceedings step by step - the stronger your entry position the better will be your likely outcome.

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