Blog posts tagged in Aviation

Sofema Online (SOL) considers the process of reviewing the system’s effectiveness following the completion of a Base Maintenance Check.


An ideal time to optimize the various processes occurs following each maintenance check, an investment in this opportunity will typically reap benefits in overall efficiency & effectiveness.

Consider the typical issues which can be looked at following the completion of a maintenance check:

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Aviation Training is the specialty of Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) and Sofema Online (SOL)

Continuing Airworthiness is a critically important task whether it is related to EASA Part M & Part CAMO (Continuing airworthiness Management Organisation) or EASA Part 145 Aircraft Maintenance Organisation (AMO).

More About the Importance of Aircraft Technical Records

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Sofema Online (SOL) looks at the process for managing MCAI within the UK CAA as part of the UK CAA / EASA Bilateral Agreement Technical Implementation Procedures (TIP).


International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) defines MCAI as “mandatory requirements for the modification, replacement of parts, or inspection of aircraft and amendment of operating limitations and procedures.”

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the changes made to Part 145.A.55 following the introduction of Regulation 2021/1963 which amends Continuing Airworthiness Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014.

Introduction - Maintenance records

The organisation shall record the details of the maintenance work that is carried out within the scope of its approval.

» As a minimum, the organisation shall retain all the records that are necessary to prove that all the requirements have been met for the issue of the certificate of release to service, including, if any, subcontractor's release documents.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the best practice to “ethically” help your audience make an informed decision.


Mastering the art of speaking persuasively will help you achieve the outcomes you seek as well as motivate the audience to “buy-in” to your proposal or to take a specific action or follow your lead.

Our goal is to:

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the primary roles and responsibilities of MCC Personnel.

Duty Material Planner / AOG Desk

The Duty Material Planner / AOG Desk is responsible to the Manager Maintenance Control to ensure that provisioning of parts, material & tooling is available to support the short term requirements and deferred defect rectification. In addition to expedite all material parts & tooling to support Aircraft which are AOG (Aircraft on Ground).

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Considerations by Sofema Online (SOL) looking at best practices to implement a Cyber Risk Mitigation Process within your organisation.


Cyber security is not just about external protection of your data and information from external threats, we also have to consider any internal exposure as well.

To cover all potential eventualities, we need to develop an organisation risk mitigation strategy for managing cyber risks.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the essential elements to be found in a Cyber Security Management System


The potential for Cyber-attacks now appears almost inevitable and as a result, there is a need to address which requires investment in Cyber-Security

Consider foremost that Cyber Security Measures should be taken in respect of both the company and its supply chain including partners as well as outsourced service providers.

Each organization has an obligation to recognize that we face cybersecurity risks as well as a need to develop a company-wide policy to address these risks.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the key factors involved in the process of Aviation Risk Communication


Related to your Safety System:

       »  Do you know who are your organisation primary stakeholders?
       »  How are you going to deliver and measure the effectiveness of your communication process?
       »  What communication tools will you use?

Communication-related to the risks faced by the organisation must happen throughout the risk management process.
Effective Communication means not only sharing safety information amongst your peer group but also flowing throughout the organisation, including “up” to the leadership team and “down” to the frontline staff.
All employees should feel comfortable expressing concern regarding safety matters without any fear of retribution from supervisors. (Embracing a “just culture” serves to encourage better and more open communication.)

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the fundamental aspects of Aviation Business Risk Management


Risk management is a decision-making process that is designed to:

       »  Identify hazards in a controlled and systematic way
       »  Assess the degree of risk, and determine the best course of action. Key terms are:

Important Note: Absolute safety is not possible simply because complete freedom from all hazardous conditions is not possible.

Therefore, safety is a relative term that implies a level of risk that is both perceived and accepted.


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Sofema Online (SOL) considers Safety Performance Indicators which can reflect the effectiveness of “people” engagement within the Aviation Organisations Safety Management System.

Introduction – Definition of Safety Culture:

Safety Culture is the set of enduring values and attitudes regarding safety issues, shared by every member of every level of an organization.
» Safety Culture refers to the extent to which every individual and every group of the organization is aware of the risks and unknown hazards induced by its activities.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers best practices related to key negotiating Tactics.

Negotiation – Process or Event?

In fact, the negotiation should be considered as a process rather than an event, in turn, this highlights the importance of building relationships as a key driver to successful negotiations.

» Poor Negotiators will try to control the conversation attempting to sell their position to the other side.
» Good Negotiators will listen intently to understand red flags and develop appropriate responses.

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SofemaOnline (SOL) considers the different strategies to be considered as part of developing our negotiating skills.


Always start with a strong understanding concerning the type of negotiation you are facing. In reality, every negotiation is about finding & distributing value. Every effort should be made to keep negotiations friendly and constructive.  

Having a good understanding regarding the value expectations of each side together with an awareness of what is available – both from a tangible and intangible point of view. (It is seldom that negotiation is limited to the visible options, there is always the possibility for creative strategies)

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SofemaOnline (SOL) considers the key processes for the management of the Aviation Technical Library.

Introduction – Aircraft Technical Library      

The Aircraft Technical Library provides for an established managed facility to control and deliver technical information throughout the business.

The Technical Librarian ensures that all publications and libraries required for the operation of the airline or Aircraft Maintenance Facility are and remain current.

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SofemaOnline Considers ICAW in relationship to Aircraft Maintenance Organisation (AMO) and Continuing Airworthiness Maintenance Organisation (CAMO) Technical Libraries

Introduction - Instructions for continuing airworthiness (ICAW)

For an aircraft or aeronautical product, means

» Written instructions, as in force from time to time that specifies requirements, procedures and standards for the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft or aeronautical product;

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Review by SofemaOnline (SOL)


Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/897 of 12 March 2019 - Inclusion of Risk-Based Compliance Verification in Annex I and the Implementation of Requirements for Environmental Protection

• In accordance with Article 83 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139, the Agency itself, or through national aviation authorities or qualified entities, is to carry out investigations necessary for the performance of its certification tasks.
• The Agency assesses the applications but it is not required to carry out an exhaustive investigation in all cases pursuant to Article 83 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139.

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Introduction by Sofema Online (SOL)

The following abbreviated notes provide a summary of the key events related to the EASA Type Certification Process.

Type Certification

 A type certificate is an approval made by a regulatory authority that an aircraft is manufactured according to an approved design, and that the design ensures compliance with airworthiness requirements.

• The type certificate (TC) implies that the aircraft is manufactured according to the approved design and can be issued an Airworthiness Certificate.
• To meet airworthiness requirements, the aircraft, related products (engine and propeller), parts, and appliances must be approved.
• Within the European Union (EU), implementation rules for type certification are laid down by the Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 of 3 August 2012.

Note - A Type Certificate is not an Airworthiness Certificate.

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Presentation by Sofema Online (SOL)


The purpose of an AOC is to certify that specified commercial air transport operations are authorized by the States Civil Aviation Authority and are in conformance with applicable regulations.  

During the certification process, the CAA is to be satisfied that:

       »  The applicant, who will have the ultimate responsibility for the safety of the operation, is eligible for the issuance of an AOC and
       »  Has the ability and competence both to conduct safe and efficient operations and to comply with applicable regulations. [State CAA]

To be eligible for an AOC an applicant must be certified for operating at least one aircraft that is not wet-leased.

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Comments by Sofema Online (SOL)

Introduction The EU Aviation Oversight System

The basis of the EASA working relationship is one of both cooperation and partnership between EASA and its Member States

EASA Regulations are issued as

» Implementing Rules – Considered as “Hard” European Law which is applicable to both Industry as well as Regulatory Authorities in each Member State and
» Acceptable Means of Compliance & Guidance Material (AMC & GM) which are considered as “Soft” European Law for which the Member State Regulatory Authority may agree to deviations – Known as Alternate Means of Compliance (AMOC)

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