Blog posts tagged in EASA

Sofema Aviation Services ( takes a look “under the hood” of EASA Compliant Quality Auditing Derived Data. 


Effective Quality Management ensures that the organization's products and services are able to continue to meet internal company, client and all “Regulatory Requirements”.
Quality Assurance is the means by which the quality management process can be focused on providing confidence that all quality requirements will be fulfilled.

Last modified on enables competence development for both individuals and organizations providing a valuable regulatory and vocational learning opportunity.

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Sofema Aviation Services considers the Challenges of Developing an Effective Training Needs Analysis in support of EASA Part 147 type training

All Maintenance Training Organisations are required to generate their own TNA (Training Needs Analysis) and syllabus to develop their type or basic training courses in accordance with regulation 1321/2014.

Whilst the TNA process is proprietorial to the organization which creates the training course it is nevertheless a requirement that the entire process is subject to audit either by the applicable CAA or another auditor.

The essential purpose of the audit is to ensure the validity of the TNA management process. In particular to ensure the correctness of TNA outcomes including the training duration.

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Considering Changes introduced by COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/1383 of 8 July 2019 amending and correcting Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 as regards safety management systems in continuing airworthiness management organizations and alleviation's for general aviation aircraft concerning maintenance and continuing airworthiness management.

Sofema Aviation Services considers the new regulation

Subjects Covered

Related to Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 & the introduction of simplified Continuous Airworthiness (CAW) requirements corresponding to the lower risks associated with light aircraft in general aviation, which is not listed in the air operator certificate of an air carrier.

Related to Aircraft Maintenance Programmes (AMP) airworthiness reviews and deferment of defects.

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SofemaOnline takes a look at what SMS Internal Reporting Elements should be addressed in the context of the Organisational 145 SMS 

Reporting Systems should include the possibility of Voluntary and Confidential Elements, however, please note that an essential feature of a successful system is the willingness of the Employees to engage with the system. In fact, this becomes a key measure of an effective system.


The overall purpose of the internal safety reporting scheme is to use the reported information to improve the level of the safety performance of the organisation, and not to attribute blame.

The scheme is an essential part of the overall monitoring function and should be complementary to the normal day-to-day procedures and ‘control’ systems; it is not intended to duplicate or supersede any of them.

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SofemaOnline takes a look at what SMS related Change Management Processes are coming into EASA 145 Management Systems 


Unless they are properly managed, changes in organisational structure, facilities, the scope of work, personnel, documentation, policies, and procedures, etc. can result in the inadvertent introduction of new hazards and expose the organisation to new or increased risk.

Effective organisations seek to improve their processes, with conscious recognition that changes can expose the organisation to potentially latent hazards and risks if they are not properly and effectively managed.

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Comment by Steve Bentley CEO of 

Quality Assurance is considered as a subset of SMS. Is this correct? 

What does EASA Say? 

These key safety management processes are supported by a compliance monitoring function as an integral part of the management system for safety.

Most aviation safety regulations constitute generic safety risk controls established by the ‘regulator’. Therefore, ensuring effective compliance with the regulations during daily operations and independent monitoring of compliance are fundamental to any management system for safety.

The compliance monitoring function may, in addition, support the follow-up of safety risk mitigation actions.

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Sofema Aviation Services looks at what is coming related to EASA Part 145 Management System 


EASA objective is to encourage organisations to embed safety management and risk-based decision-making into all their activities, instead of superimposing another system onto their existing management system and governance structure.

The new elements that are introduced by the NPA 145 in particular address component 2 ‘Safety Risk Management’ of the ICAO SMS framework. and address component 3 ‘Safety Assurance’.

It is important to recognise that safety management will be a continuous activity, as hazards, risks and the effectiveness of safety risk mitigations will change over time. 

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SofemaOnline looks at the challenges related to the potential uncertainty of the status of instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA) and needs, therefore, to avoid there being too much room for interpretation in the rules and standards, leading to differences and possible safety risks.

The specific objective is to establish clear requirements and responsibilities for all parties involved in the production of ICA, their approval and their implementation.

The Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) proposes to amend Annex I (Part 21) of Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 to clarify that ICA are part of the type certificate (TC) and to develop the related acceptable means of compliance (AMC) and guidance material (GM).

It also merges the requirements related to record-keeping, manuals and ICA in the various subparts into a single requirement for each of these aspects in Subpart A (new points 21.A.5, 6 and 7).

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SofemaOnline takes a looks at NPA 2018-11

The objective of this Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) is to improve the level of safety related to the minimum syllabus of maintenance certifying staff (MCS) type rating training (TRT), enabling design approval holders (DAHs) that comply with Annex I (Part 21) of Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 to identify the technical elements necessary to be addressed for the purpose of training of maintenance certifying staff involved in the maintenance of their products.

In addition, the intent is to ensure an adequate minimum syllabus standard at organisations that comply with Annex IV (Part-147) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014.

This NPA proposes:

The first issue of Certification Specification on Maintenance Certifying Staff (MCS) data (CS-MCSD) and the associated Guidance Material (GM);

Last modified on offers online training including EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors compliant training for third country workshop personnel


It is important to ensure that all employees are aware of how to act in the event of a workplace emergency. Whilst not every person needs to be qualified as a fire marshal or Emergency First Aid Responder, it is important that a number of employees are "highly trained" and all employees have an general awareness of all potential emergencies and how to proceed.

All employees should understand what constitutes an emergency or disaster at the workplace?

Additionally, to understand:

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As part of the proposals to be found in forthcoming regulation NPA 2019-05 (C) SMS will be introduced into the EASA 145 Environment

Presented by SofemaOnline - a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA, FAA and other leading regulatory compliant and vocational online courses, many with voice over.

Introduction - Safety Management Systems (SMS) - Nothing New?

SMS became an ICAO requirement as of Jan 2009 and EASA is late to embed SMS within the “145” environment. However, there is a very important aspect of SMS to consider and it is this. 

The fact that everyone is “familiar” with SMS is a source of potential challenge and even “danger”. Why? - Familiarity Breeds Contempt (Hear that one before?)

Ask your colleague to explain to you the difference between Hazard & Risk or The Difference between Compliance Auditing (Quality Assurance) and Safety Auditing, and you will see the point!

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Introducing Changes to Production Planning - 145.A.47 (Forthcoming regulation NPA 2019-05 (C))

Presented by SofemaOnline - a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA, FAA and other leading regulatory compliant and vocational online courses, many with voice over.

The purpose of the Fatigue Risk Management System (FRMS) is to promote a reduction, as far as practicably reasonable, workplace fatigue and its associated risks, to ensure a safe and error-free work environment for employees, contractors, and clients.

FRMS should ideally be a component of your SMS, commitment from senior and line management together with clear consultation and effective communication with all employees should be ensured to provide a positive safety culture.

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Introducing 145.A.37 (Forthcoming regulation NPA 2019-05 (C))

Presented by SofemaOnline - a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA, FAA and other leading regulatory compliant and vocational online courses, many with voice over.

Why Should 145 Organisations be involved with the issuance of Airworthiness Review Certificates?

The Answer is basically to fill a niche, the approval is quite restricted and is only applicable to small “None AOC” aircraft – namely.

The Certificate which is used to provide the ARC is EASA Form 15C.

What is ML.1?

Last modified on offers online training including EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors compliant training for third country workshop personnel


Aircraft certifications are made within the framework of an organisation approval, part of which lays on the organisation the need to ensure currency – but it is not a one-sided story because the certifying staff also has a responsibility to remain current - means up to date with developments and changes to either the regulations or approved data which is driving the task.

Aircraft maintenance technicians typically undertake a significant basic training program which provides them with the knowledge and competence to enable them to become aircraft mechanics. 

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Steve Bentley CEO of Sofema Aviation Services & Sofema Online takes a look at what the forthcoming EASA changes to Part 145 will look like and what they could mean for Quality, Safety & Management Personnel. 

Name Change QM/QAM to CM 

In keeping with “Management System” understanding from Regulation 965/2012, the previous role title of Quality Manager or Quality Assurance Manager is essentially dropped with the focus again on Compliance Management. So again we will see either Compliance Manager or Quality Manager responsible for Compliance. 

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Practical Base Maintenance Audits - Advanced Techniques for Auditing Workshops

A SofemaOnline Review (

Auditing workshops

What is Unique within the Workshop Environment is that there is no Workshop Licence – So, for this reason, it is necessary to pay particular attention to the competence of the workshop certification personnel.

A typical workshop audit would start with the Organisations Quality System and ask the questions:

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A SofemaOnline Review (

Compliance Auditing – Understanding the Process

Compliance Auditing is typically charged with meeting the challenge of ensuring that the organisation always remains fully compliant with both internal and external obligations.

In the complex environment delivered by EASA & GCAA, it is necessary to have a proactive approach to maintaining a full understanding of all regulatory obligations.

Compliance Auditing brings with it the daily challenge of ensuring that the organisation remains at all times fully compliant with both internal and external obligations.

It is essential to ensure robust and continuous oversight of all internal processes, and procedures. The various departments must continue to meet all applicable internal and EASA driven regulatory requirements.

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Posted by on in Regulatory offers online training including EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors compliant training for third country workshop personnel 

Introduction to Work Logging and Recording 

Maybe the description belies the importance of the subject however the reality is that correctly recording work, which has been carried out, as well as how we document and hand over any outstanding tasks is of significant importance and creates multiple human factor exposures.

Inadequate recording of work carried out has been cited as a contributing factor in several incidents.

Last modified on offers online training including EASA Part 66 Module 9 Human Factors compliant training for third country workshop personnel 

What do we Mean by Complex Systems?

Essentially all large modern aircraft can be described as complex systems. But this is just the beginning because integrated organisations are also in themselves complicated systems and the combination of both together creates multiple exposures within the realm of Human Factor related errors, incidents & accidents.

Engaging with Complex Systems

Within the aircraft environment, a simple system should cause no problems in itself, with engineers being trained and possessing the appropriate competence to fully engage with the challenge of addressing the various problems.

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