Blog posts tagged in Safety Management System

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com takes a detailed look at the Aviation Safety Management Risk Management Landscape.

Introduction – What is Risk Management

Risk Management, being a central component of the SMS, plays a vital role in addressing the risk in practical terms.

Last modified on

Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) www.sassofia.com Considers the importance of managing the risks in a systematic and controlled way, using a Risk Register as the Fundamental Tool.

Hazard identification is the foundation of the risk management process in an SMS and may be conducted reactively, proactively, and even predictably. A Hazard is something with the potential to cause harm, and a risk is the potential outcome of a hazard.

What is the difference between a Safety System Hazard Register and a Risk Register?

Last modified on

Sofema online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers changes which are taking place within the EASA Part 145 Environment.

Introduction

Regulation 2021/1963 amends Continuing Airworthiness Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 as regards safety management systems in maintenance organisations and correcting that Regulation.

Last modified on

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the optimum organizational safety system behaviours to effectively monitor safety performance.

Introduction - ICAO identifies an SPI as a “a data-based safety parameter used for monitoring and assessing safety performance.”  By developing effective organizational SPIs, we are able to measure and manage the processes to ensure the optimum output with a focus on the precursors of potentially serious events, rather than current visible outcome.

Why to Use Safety Performance Indicators?

Last modified on

Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) www.sassofia.com and Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com are pleased to provide guidance & support to assist 145 organisations on the Road to SMS Implementation compliant with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/1963.

Introduction

The focus of the Part 145 SMS will be to ensure the following:

Last modified on

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers Safety Performance Indicators which can reflect the effectiveness of “people” engagement within the Aviation Organisations Safety Management System.

Introduction – Definition of Safety Culture:

» 
Safety Culture is the set of enduring values and attitudes regarding safety issues, shared by every member of every level of an organization.
» Safety Culture refers to the extent to which every individual and every group of the organization is aware of the risks and unknown hazards induced by its activities.

Last modified on

Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com takes a deep dive into how the two business areas of Quality & Safety relate to each other.

Introduction

There are many misconceptions and misunderstandings regarding aviation Safety Management Systems (SMS) and Quality Management Systems (QMS) (Also Known as Compliance Management – CM)

The following is intended hopefully to clear up this misunderstanding regarding QMS and SMS – together they offer many common methods and techniques, but provide different outcomes and objectives:

Last modified on

Sofema Aviation Services (www.sassofia.com) considers the various factors associated with Root Cause Analysis (RCA) and how to embrace the opportunities presented to drive improvements and efficiencies.

Introduction

Q - What is Root Cause?

A - In essence, It is the process of understanding what went wrong & why it does not fix anything simply it aids understanding.

Last modified on

Introduction

It is mandatory for European CAMO Staff to receive Safety & Human Factors Training with the Initial Training to be completed before September 2021

SofemaOnline (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com offers an online training course with voice over to cover the entire program – email team@sassofia.com or see the following link

https://sofemaonline.com/lms/courses/264-easa-part-camo-safety-sms-amp-human-factor-hf-training-initial-with-vo/preview

Last modified on

Safety Management Systems (SMS) & Human Factors (HF) Combined Course - Fully Compliant with EASA PART CAMO

Available now Online with Voice Over

The course meets the full intent of EASA Part CAMO Requirements (Initial SMS & human factors training should cover all the topics of the training syllabus specified in GM2 CAMO.A.305(g)

Last modified on

SofemaOnline (SOL) Considers the Key Aspects of Managing the “Management of Change” (MOC) process within the CAMO Safety Management System (SMS) Process

Introduction to SMS Management of Change within a CAMO Organisation

Unless they are properly managed, changes can expose the organisation to potentially latent hazards and risks if they are not properly and effectively managed.

Last modified on

SofemaOnline considers the Importance of Encouraging Employee Engagement with the Organisations Safety Management System.

Introduction

The success of SMS is influenced by the willingness of the organisation to reach out and embrace new working methods and change processes, to develop positive changes in organisational and individual culture. If you can do this, improvements in organisational efficiency will usually lead to significant cost savings.

Last modified on

Review by Sofema Aviation Services (www.sassofia.com)

Regulatory Background

Reference NPA 2019-05 & EASA  (RMT).0251 Phase II in EPAS 2019-2023, NPA proposes amendments to Annex I (Part 21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 and Annex II (Part-145) to Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014, in order to:

○ Introduce safety management principles that implement ICAO Annex 19, and foster an organizational culture for effective safety management and effective occurrence reporting in accordance with Commission Regulation (EU) No 376/2014.

Last modified on

Risk Assessment

Driven by ICAO Annex 19 Identifying, Assessing, and Mitigating Risk is at the epicentre of an effective Aviation Safety Management System (SMS).

The challenge is to ensure that Safety Risk Assessment is performed in a genuine way with tangible benefits as a measurable outcome. The consequence of a risk can usually be expressed in several ways and these will affect the assessment of severity and likelihood, requiring care competence and diligence on the part of the analysts. 

Delivering Effective Risk Assessment Requires?

When considering Risk the challenge will always be related to the subjectivity of the perceived exposure. Therefore a broad range of contributors to the Risk Assessment Process is highly beneficial including.

Last modified on

Safety is defined as “The condition to which risks are managed to acceptable levels.”

Whenever Humans and Machines are involved there will always be potential for accident and incident. Safety management is based on the premise that hazards, risks and threats will always exist.

With a Safety Management System (SMS) we focus on the real possibility of reducing the organisations exposure across a range of business areas – we do this by delivering a systematic approach to risk management.

It is possible to promote transparent processes which establish clear lines of accountability and aid decision-making and to use this as a tool to drive positive change.

Last modified on

Our corporate program EASAOnline for Business (E4B) is a one-stop shop for your organisation’s EASA compliant regulatory training needs.

Fuel Tank Safety | EWIS | Production Planning | Quality Audit | Reliability | Maintenance Planning | Root Cause Analysis | Safety Management Systems | Technical Records EASA PART 145 | EASA OPS Regulation 965 | Part 21 for CAMO

EASAOnline currently has more than 1300 users enrolled in our training courses.

Last modified on

Our Industry continues to face multiple challenges, including the obligation to comply with a significant regulatory burden but it does not stop there! Other initiatives abound introduced by for example IATA (IOSA) and other niche compliance & SMS drivers (ISBAO & ISBAH for business operators).

With Safety Management Systems, we have superimposed on this story of “compliance” a need to identify exposure in a different way using forward looking techniques where typically we identify gather data to evaluate the risk and exposure to “all” perceived hazards.

Last modified on

A Discussion Document by Steven Bentley - MD of Sofema Aviation Services

Do we agree the purpose of an Aviation SMS?

1/ According to ICAO

ICAO Doc9859 para 2.13.2 - ‘A hazard is generically defined by safety practitioners as a condition or an object with the potential to cause death, injuries to personnel, damage to equipment or structures, loss of material, or reduction of the ability to perform a prescribed function.’

ICAO Doc9859 para 2.14.2 - ‘Safety risk is the projected likelihood and severity of the consequence or outcome from an existing hazard or situation.’

Last modified on

The effectiveness of the Safety Management System is directly connected to the management of Competence throughout the organisation.
 
The goal of an effective safety Management System (SMS) competence management system is to:
 
a) Reduce risks
b) Ensure compliance with all legal and other regulatory requirements
c) Comply with the organisation’s business objectives and ensure contractual commitments
d) Empower individuals to deliver their job role obligations in a safe, efficient and effective way
 
Delivering functional safety relies on a complex mix of Process Procedures, oversight mechanisms, Human Factors and the impact of the Safety Culture within the workplace. Competence can be negatively affected by aspects of physical, medical or mental fitness which should also be considered on an ongoing basis.
 
Competence is an essential attribute when considering behaviours in a non-normal situations.
 
For a person to be considered competent, they need appropriate qualifications, together with experience, and other “soft skills” appropriate to their job role.

Last modified on

It is accepted within our aviation community, that the vast majority of aviation accidents (at least 80%) are directly caused by human action or more precisely by human error. However it would be wrong for us to assume that this is simply a manifestation of personal carelessness or even incompetence, rather we should try to consider that the human error itself is actually the final element of a chain of events.

In fact a major element which hitherto was not given sufficient consideration is the role of the organisation in aircraft incidents and accidents. Often the root cause or contributing factors are embedded within the organisations process and procedures. Unfortunately with hindsight we are often able to understand the existence of numerous latent “exposures” (sometimes too late!).

Last modified on