Recent blog posts Providing EASA Compliant Regulatory and Vocational Training when you need at your own pace. We provide an ever growing portfolio of online training courses and combination packages for example

Operations Regulation 965/2012 package, EASA Part M package & EASA Part 145 Package.

What sets SofemaOnline apart?

Quite simply we bust the myth that regulatory compliance is the objective!

It is not – compliance with the regulations is in reality minimum compliance, It should be a given not an objective- as Industries leading training organisation with 45 years background our focus is on effective delivery of the business  process.

Our training courses are based on and compliant with EASA, FAA, ICAO and other Standards as applicable and focus on a practical interpretation of the regulations (which is not necessarily the case with our competitors)

One of our major focus points is on delivering competence in the workplace

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Whilst we all recognise the importance of safety in particular within “our” Maintenance Environment we face as an industry the problem of (Some say) Chronic under reporting of safety incidents.  Please consider when was the last time YOU filed a safety internal report?

What is the reason?

Is it the fear of reprisals or is it a case of fundamental disconnection from the responsibility to accept a personal obligation to report?

Whatever the reason the reality is that there is without doubt insufficient occurrence reporting, which results in “open” not closed loops ineffective closure and a reduced ability to deliver proactive safety improvements. (If at all !)

EASA has introduced a new EU Occurrence Reporting Regulation which is one key step in this direction as it sets a new framework to encourage and protect safety reporting by aviation professionals.

The Regulation (EU Reg. 376/2014 became applicable as of 15 Nov 2015, and requires aviation organisations in the EU to both adopt and maintain a proactive Just Culture to facilitate the collection of key safety data and information and to protect the reports as well as the information.

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I want my Aviation Organisation Staff Training Program Managed online! - Now I know that SofemaOnline (SOL) manages specialty training on behalf of Aviation Organisations just like ours!

Whats on offer?

Your own Company Aviation centered Short Course – Developed for you and Managed on line by

Providing as much or as little support as you need, The cost effective way to manage your online training needs. SofemaOnline (SOL) courses provide the perfect opportunity for your employees to explore areas that will underpin their understanding of roles responsibilities and competence driving elements.

SOL courses have been shown to improve job performance and motivate your employees to engage in effective learning in a short period of time.

With online training our courses are suitable even for individual and new starters. Introductory short courses can be a perfect way to ensure that new starters are up to speed and have the relevant awareness of regulatory requirements and company. offers the perfect solution

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Does your company have a PTP relationship with SAS ? Please check now to see if your company is included - (If not please ask your company representative to inquire as to process by which you may become PTP accredited) :
Note please all discounts are conditional on the payment being made 7 business days before delivery of the course.
Open Classroom Training discount available for self sponsored employees with SAS (
Individuals and self sponsored delegates who are Employees of SAS PTP clients will also receive 20% as an individual for attending a single SAS Open Training and if they can encourage a colleague to join then both will receive 30% discount.
Tagged in: Discount Employees PTP
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Sofema Aviation Services ( and SofemaOnline ( Providing Guidance and Understanding Regarding Classroom, Webbex and Online EASA Compliant Regulatory and Vocational Training Courses.

Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) and SofemaOnline (SOL) have built up a portfolio of training courses which will by the end of 2018 number more than 500 Courses.
We are increasingly receiving requests for guidance as to the choice of the most appropriate course to take for a particular person or role within the organisation.

To provide an answer without a detailed understanding can be somewhat challenging as often the appropriate level of training depends very much on both the ultimate objective as well as the current knowledge level of the delegate.

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Posted by on in Regulatory

GCAA says now –EASA Says Later! ICAO says 8 years ago (2009)

Sofema Aviation Services ( considers the current status of SMS within an EASA compliant Part 145 organisation.

What is SMS?

Sure we all know what is a Safety Management System (SMS)

But consider the two options :-

a) Safety Management System focused on ensuring “Mandatory Compliance” with all Safety Objectives

b) Management System focused on developing in an effective way optimized for efficiency and delivering all Mandatory Safety Objectives

Tagged in: EASA GCAA ICAO Part 145 SMS
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Posted by on in Regulatory

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 This Blog looks at a basic understanding related to Part 66 Basic Examinations


 Examinations are conducted under strict examination conditions, all basic examinations shall be carried out using the multi-choice question format.

 Be careful and always read the question!

The incorrect alternatives shall seem equally plausible to anyone ignorant of the subject. All of the alternatives shall be clearly related to the question and of similar vocabulary, grammatical construction and length.

In numerical questions, the incorrect answers shall correspond to procedural errors such as corrections applied in the wrong sense or incorrect unit conversions: they shall not be mere random numbers.

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The requirement for EASA Compliant Fuel Tank Safety  (FTS) Training may be found in the New EASA Agency Decision Papers: •2009/006/R •2009/007/R. Both relate to Aircraft Fuel System Safety Effective from 28 March 2007. Essentially the rational for FTS Training was developed following the TWA 800 Disaster with the objective to both Familiarize candidates with the elements of Fuel Tank System Safety Issues and to enable candidates to understand the historical background and elements requiring consideration in relation to fuel system safety. In addition to Equip candidates to understand and use the language of fuel system safety issues and to allow candidates to understand and interpret fuel system safety issues from regulatory and manufacturer’s maintenance publications Satisfy Parts M & 145 Amendments on fuel system safety

Continuing Airworthiness Management and associated CAW tasks are the primary responsibility of the Operators CAMO. Regarding the management of Fuel Tank Procedures it is expected that the 145 Organisation should update the Maintenance Organisation Exposition (MOE) to include FTS concepts and organisation’s obligations. The Part 145 organisation is also responsible for all health and safety procedures including relating to fuel tank Nitrogen Inerting Systems

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EASAOnline ( considers the process to obtain your Maintenance Engineers Licence. Considering the Application Process for an EASA Part 66 Aircraft Maintenance Engineers Licence (AMEL)

An application for an aircraft maintenance License or change to such License shall be made on an EASA Form 19 (Form 19 is adopted and issued by each regulatory authority)

Applications process

The application are normally made under the jurisdiction of the Competent Authority of any European Member State. 

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Posted by on in Regulatory presents the different categories available within the EASA Part 66 licence 

On the basis of the Maintenance Engineers License, together with satisfactory demonstration of competency and knowledge of organizational procedures the personal authorization document is issued by an approved Part-145 organization. 

Note - Whilst Category A is not maybe the best choice to sit for your licence, clearly as it is incorporated within the B1 licence it can be of significant benefit to allow the B1 Engineer to be task trained on multiple aircraft. 

A Category “A” License holder may only certify his (or her) own work and cannot certify the work of other individuals. 

The Category “A” based approval is a task based approval which is restricted to the mechanical systems, although simple and limited avionic tasks as for example which may be found on a daily inspection or a weekly check, can be included with the approval of the Competent Authority.

(b) Categories A and B1 are subdivided into subcategories relative to combinations of Aeroplanes, helicopters, turbine and piston engines.

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EASA Regulated Aircraft Maintenance is interesting and highly professional moreover Licensed Aircraft Engineers are essential to maintain the global aviation industry. Employment in the field of aviation offers the potential of a wide and varied career with an attractive salary.

As a Part 66 AMEL you are on your way to Certifying Aircraft to Fly ! (Issuing a Certificate of Release to Service CRS). Licensed Aircraft Engineers perform maintenance and other activities on Aircraft (often with modern equipment and advanced technology.) Ensuring the rectification of all defects as well as repairing airframe structures, engines, and avionic systems.  

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As a career starting in Aviation or Airport Services Aircraft Maintenance either Base or Line may be just the job for you!

Line maintenance is very satisfying and rewarding with the opportunity to progress to higher positions either within the organisation or in other organisations. 

Aircraft technicians and Engineers typically specialise as either B1 Airframe Engine & Electrical or B2 Avionic plus Electrical.  B1 Engineers who service engines, airframes and hydraulic and pneumatic systems, and the associated electrical systems and B2 avionic Engineers who service and overhaul the electronic systems, instruments, flight control, navigation and communication systems of aircraft as well as Aircraft Electrical Systems (task shared with B1)

Line maintenance essentially is maintenance that is performed on aircraft while they still remain operational, (carrying out routine maintenance of the aircraft on the ground during the turnaround between flights) whereas for Base Maintenance the level of maintenance is somewhat deeper. (Carrying out full servicing of the aircraft within the hangar at regular intervals typically at C check level) 

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The Licensed Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (LAME) assumes “legal” responsibility (by means of a certification) for all or part of the line maintenance which is required to be performed on aircraft or helicopters to maintain the aircraft in an airworthy condition to remain serviceable. (He/she also acts as support staff for aircraft which are receiving “heavy” means base maintenance – typically C Checks.

The Licenced aircraft engineer will hold an authorisation approval issued by an EASA Part 145 Organisation. (The Validity of this approval is conditional on the maintenance of the licence)

Typically the Aircraft Licensed Maintenance Line Engineer will be employed by an EASA Part 145 organization and will either certify aircraft maintenance based on the scope of the Aircraft maintenance approval issued by the organization on the basis of the Certifying engineers license, or act as supervisory and support staff during base maintenance activities.

The different Aircraft Licensed Maintenance Line Engineer jobs include B1 Engineer specializing on Airframe Engineers and Electrical Systems and B2 Engineer specializing in Avionic Systems.

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Within the CAMO department we will see all levels of experience from Entry level administration staff through to Licensed Aircraft Engineers and Degree holding Aeronautical Engineering Staff.

Managing this department is the Continuing Airworthiness Manager (CAM), who is typically acceptable to the regulatory authority. If you are looking for a position with an organization as a CAM, you have to be highly trained and demonstrate considerable experience to achieve the position.

The Job of the Continuing Airworthiness Manager is to ensure that all Aircraft Technical Records are maintained correctly and that the aircraft is current with all maintenance requirements and is fit to fly.

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As an EASA approved organisation Aviation Postholder, your primary responsibility is to ensure full compliance of your business area with all regulatory requirements externally as well as all organizational requirements internally. Other challenges faced by both the EASA approved organisation Aviation Postholders and Senior Aviation Business Leaders involve effectively managing your team and developing effective strategies to optimize performance whilst maintaining standards.

In order to effectively manage aviation standards it is essential to both document and communicate clearly all expected objectives, challenges, and team goals. The level of communication must ensure that this is confirmed and understood.

EASA Approved Organisation Postholder Quality Control Obligations

The starting point is to put in place the most effective Quality Control processes because it is necessary not only to ensure compliance but also to promote efficiency wherever possible in the work place. This in turn brings the growing need to measure the effectiveness of the processes and people you are managing. Increasingly, the focus will be orientated towards integrated management standards. This is why it is required to develop a process approach with embedded quality principles.

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Since August 2008 EASA has required Aircraft Inspectors to be trained in accordance with the provision to be found in AMC20-22

Aircraft inspection is normally performed by competent staff and such Inspectors are typically licensed aircraft engineers. Once qualified, they will gain the organization's approval and will be allowed also to certify General Visual Inspections, Detailed Inspections and EWIS Inspections.

What is a General Visual Inspection (GVI)?

The term GVI, when associated with Electrical Wiring Interconnect Systems, is a visual examination of an interior or exterior area, installation, or assembly to detect obvious damage, failure or irregularity based on a non-compliance or non-conformity with the standard configuration.

It is acknowledged that one of the weak areas in the maintenance chain is the effectiveness of the Inspection Process and the mitigation for this weakness will be found in the development of training programs.

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EASAOnline is pleased to discuss the role of the EASA Quality Assurance Auditor. Quality Auditors will be found in all organisations which work under the umbrella of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), including Airlines, Airports, and Maintenance Organizations.

Considering the Nature of Audits

When we talk about audits we are generally talking about the need to ensure compliance. Regulatory audits are essentially compliance audits where we are looking to compare the actual with the expected. The expected typically being compliance either with EASA or another regulatory body.

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EASAOnline looks at the Notification to Captain (NOTOC)

BEST Practice – Driven By IATA

Each airline is individually responsible for developing the procedures which should be followed to ensure that the Captain is fully informed at all times. A typical process involves the use of the Notification to Captain Document which is otherwise known as a NOTOC. IATA requires all of its member airlines to notify the flight deck crew (the pilot) anytime dangerous goods are to be loaded on board their flights. It is both a standard and a best practice procedure to ensure that on any flight the crew have full knowledge of what is being carried in the cargo compartments.

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What is the role of Aircraft Technical Records staff in an EASA or GCAA compliant organisation?

Technical records staff typically work either for the operator (The Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation) CAMO or the Maintenance Organisation (145) – usually the Base Maintenance Organisation.

Considering the Typical Duties

Let’s consider the various tasks, roles and responsibilities which will apply to the Tech Records Job role:

Last modified on (EOL) provides an unrivalled opportunity for your staff and employees to undertake online competence building regulatory and vocational training via our easy to use online training portal. It is a fact that no other training organisation offers the depth and breadth of online CAMO related courses than We offer a unique online program which provides an opportunity to raise the competence levels of your employees!

Do you know your employees’ competence levels?

In fact, EASA provides guidance in respect of EASA Part 145, but this is not the complete picture - on Part M and Part 21 Subpart G this guidance is quite minimal.

Thus, it is left to the organisation to develop appropriate Competence Management Processes. Consider this: as the regulations are sparse in several areas it is not possible for regulatory auditors to identify exposures which do not relate to specific findings but at the same time hurt the organisation.

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