Recent blog posts

A competent and effective Maintenance planning group is an essential attribute to any efficient operators CAMO. Without any doubt the opportunity exists in every organization to deliver improvements to the existing Maintenance Planning processes - and these are improvements which may contribute to real cost savings. The Aircraft Maintenance Process is a major cost centre within the aircraft operating environment thus providing a significant opportunity to deliver optimization and saving. has developed a suite of online training courses which address the challenging role of Maintenance Planning - a total of 5 separate courses each with its own certificate.

Who is EASAonline?

EASAOnline (EOL) is a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services, offering a range of EASA compliant online video regulatory courses. EOL is supported by the European Aviation Institute (EAI), an EASA Part 147 approved Maintenance Training Organization (MTO) with Certificate of Approval No RO.147.0003.


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What is it all about?

A compliance audit essentially looks for conformance to a set of rules or standards – the rules may be external (regulations) or internal, process and procedures driven.
Certain areas of business, (in aviation these are many) can be described as high risk. For these activities audits play a significant role to establish ongoing conformity with company processes and procedures.

What are compliance audits?
Compliance audits are designed to give assurance that activities have been performed properly and they are, of course, reactive. Compliance audits also tend to be binary - they either pass or fail. It is also fair to say that the compliance audit in fact requires a lower level of auditor competence. Why? Because it is essentially rules driven which means that there is a removal of subjective ambiguity. This audit is presented typically as a completed checklist of observed conditions at the time when it takes place.

Tagged in: Audit Compliance EASA
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An effective Aviation Safety Management System (SMS) provides the industry with a key driver to manage the various organisational elements, which when managed in an effective way can support the prevention of incidents and accidents.

The crux of implementing an effective safety management system (SMS) is not just in defining it, but also in effectively implementing it. This really is the major challenge – ask yourself how your organisation measures the effectiveness of your SMS.

The Accountable Manager (AM) of the organization is ultimately responsible and accountable for Safety. The AM MUST understand the risk of not having an effective SMS in place for his organization. The key to a job well done is to see the SMS not merely as a compliance-driven requirement but as an opportunity to drive improvement both in terms of Safety and also in terms of organisational effectiveness which can save significant expenditure in the long run.

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Let’s first consider a fundamental difference between ISO 9001-2015 and EASA Regulatory Compliance Audits.  In the ISO world one reason to perform internal audits is to support the continual improvement of the organisation system. Conversely when in EASA compliance audit is carried out it is essentially to support the identification of a non-conformance.

Let’s also consider that the criteria by which we audit is called our audit “standard” Such a standard may in fact be a regulatory requirement driven directly from the Implementing Rule IR or the Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC).

It may also be a requirement based on the need for compliance with internal documentation, for example any of the following - OPS Manual Part A, EASA Part 145 Maintenance Organisation Exposition (MOE), EASA Part M Continuous Airworthiness Management Exposition (CAMO) or EASA Part 147 Maintenance Training Organisation Exposition (MTOE).  All of the aforementioned documents contain detailed procedures which need to be complied with by the organisation.

Tagged in: Audit EASA Part 147
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Let’s consider the purpose of the evidence?

Essentially it is required to convince the Business Area Owner / Nominated Person that the finding is valid. We cannot impose findings, we must be able to demonstrate the validity of the finding based on objective evidence.

How much evidence is required?

We have to take into consideration the time factor (time is precious) / sufficient evidence for the auditor to form an opinion / the need to demonstrate to the auditee the existence of the issue.

Can we trust the evidence?

Evidence that can be considered trustworthy which essentially means it is accurate, credible and where the integrity of the evidence has not been compromised.

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Our corporate program EASAOnline for Business (E4B) is a one-stop shop for your organisation’s EASA compliant regulatory training needs.

Fuel Tank Safety | EWIS | Production Planning | Quality Audit | Reliability | Maintenance Planning | Root Cause Analysis | Safety Management Systems | Technical Records EASA PART 145 | EASA OPS Regulation 965 | Part 21 for CAMO

EASAOnline currently has more than 1300 users enrolled in our training courses.

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Step 1 is to fully understand the standard or requirement which we are auditing against

If it is a regulation – what is the current issue (are there any changes due – check for Notice of Proposed Amendments) the more background knowledge the better able you are to make good audit decisions.

It if is an internal process or Procedure – who is the owner or responsible person (do they know that you are going to be auditing there procedure?) it is good business manners to inform them – again take the opportunity to ask if there are any planned changes to the procedure or process.

Always taking the opportunity to ask open questions which will aid and benefit understanding of the background related to the audit subject matter.

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How does the role the Quality Assurance (QA) Auditor differ within the EASA environment compared to say other aviation regulatory systems? (FAA for example?)

Well the first thing to consider is that the role of the Quality Assurance Auditor within the EASA system is quite specific in that it requires “Independence” This is not the case for example when you consider ISO 9001-2015.

9001: 2015 has removed the requirement for a single point of contact regarding the QMS replacing it with a new section on leadership to better emphasis a greater involvement from the leadership team. Compare with EASA where we have specific roles and responsibilities (Including Independent Compliance Manager (CM) and a clear understanding of who is managing each business objective, whilst still ultimately identifying the responsibility of the nominated persons.

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Do safety management programs improve a company's bottom line?

The answer is a resounding "YES", although benefits may be somewhat hard to quantify without an effective process to manage DATA and to implement Key Performance Indicators (KPI) & Service Level Agreements (SLA).

In addition to potential outright savings on benefit claims, civil liability damages or litigation expenses, having a solid safety and health management program with senior management commitment will improve productivity and employee morale.

Tagged in: Aviation SMS SMS
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Posted by on in Regulatory

** A review for Aviation Stores Inspectors could be found on Sofema Aviation Services's website -

Definition of Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste can take the form of a solid, liquid or compressed gas. In the aircraft industry, waste can originate from the service or repair of aircraft components to temporary storage of outdated products that have not been used or new products purchased in excess.

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Regulations and More!

We could ask the question: "Why do we need regulations?" but, of course, the answer is obvious: we need regulations to protect our industry, employees, and passengers. Plus, it is essential to have a consistent way of controlling the way we do “what we do”.

Where do Regulations in Aviation come from?

Well, EASA is not the root of this regulation story, the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is!

In response to the invitation of the United States Government, representatives of 54 nations met at Chicago from November 1 to December 7, 1944, to "make arrangements for the immediate establishment of provisional world air routes and services" and "to set up an interim council to collect, record and study data concerning international aviation and to make recommendations for its improvement."

Tagged in: EASA ICAO regulations
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The Story of the Joint Airworthiness Authority (JAA)

The Airbus A300B given the go-ahead by France and Germany in 1969 smaller and lighter than its three-engine American rivals, it was 20% more fuel efficient. Hawker Siddeley (later to become part of British Aerospace designed a new wing for this aeroplane which delivered both greater lift and improved the A300’s performance. 

The JAA was established in 1970. Originally its objectives were to produce common certification codes for large aeroplanes and for engines in order to meet the needs of European industry (e.g. Airbus). Partly driven by the need for a more efficient certification process particularly for the Airbus Aircraft. The JAA was founded with the objective of a cooperative safety regulatory system to achieve uniform high standards of aviation safety. The decision to harmonize with the FAA regulatory environment was a good one and persists to this day. 

Tagged in: EASA JAA
Last modified on (EOL) provides a number of benefits among which an easy learning experience with a software optimized for smart phones and tablets as well as Desk top PCs.

The purpose of EASAOnline's Part 66 online courses and examinations is to help you prepare for your formal license exam. We are confident that if you pass the compliant Modules together with the examinations on our e-learning platform, you are ready to sit the EASA Part 147 examination under formal conditions which will support you in obtaining EASA Part 66 Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License - AMEL.

Tagged in: E-Learning Part 66
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Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) has been delivering regulatory training and providing consultancy services for almost 10 years. With the Introduction of our EASA compliant regulatory and vocational online training offering we are taking the delivery of essential training information to a higher level EASAOnline (EOL) is a service provided by Sofema Aviation Services.

 If you are looking for any of the following please see or email or

Fuel Tank Safety (FTS) in accordance with ref - Appendix IV to AMC 145.A.30 (e) & Appendix XII to AMC M.A.706 (f). Electrical Wiring Interconnect System (EWIS) in accordance with AMC20-22, Human Factors Training in accordance with GM1 145.A.30 (e) Personnel requirements.

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All persons involved in the preparation and shipping of dangerous goods must have appropriate training. offers Dangerous Goods Awareness 50% Summer Discount

Until the end of August 2017 all Dangerous Goods Awareness training courses are offered with a special 50% discounted price.

The offer is not combinable with multiple courses/users discounts. For groups of more than 50 delegates additional discounts are available, please inquire

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EASAOnline continues the development of our EASA Compliant online training portal with the introduction of EASA Regulation (EC) 965/2012 Operations Essentials.

This online course may be completed in around 6 Hours and will introduce the delegate to the essential elements of the regulation.

The course is designed to familiarize current AOC holders and other Operational and Concerned Personnel with a detailed understanding of EASA Part OPS Structure and Environment with emphasis on Compliance Monitoring and SMS. The provisions of Commission Regulation on air operations are published in several documents: implementing rules (published in the Official Journal of the European Union as Commission Regulation and subsequent amending regulations) and associated Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC), Guidance Material (GM) and Certification Specifications (published on the EASA website as ED Decisions).

Last modified on (EOL) offers EASA compliant regulatory and vocational online training. Training which may be undertaken in the comfort of your home or office. If you have a PayPal account you can automatically enroll through the system and immediately start your training. (Knowing that you payment is safeguarded and protected by PayPal.)

However please note that you do not need to have a PayPal account to buy EASAOnline courses you may use a debit or credit card to pay. Our system is immediate so may access your account 24/7 whenever and wherever it suits you. 

Getting the Best from your Course

Marathon sessions are not ideal as it is not the ideal way of retaining knowledge. So  take breaks often in fact around 25 to 30 mins is an ideal length to concentrate and “give it your all” The exam should be completed in a single session.

Tagged in: E-Learning Training
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A Successful story of an Online EASA Compliant Regulatory and Vocation Training, by Steven Bentley owner and MD of (EOL).

Between 2015 and 2016 EOL has grown by an amazing 400% and as result we have extended our license and we can today support 3000 concurrent users on the system. 

How did you get into Aviation?

I guess Aviation was in my blood even if I did not realize it at the time. I joined aviation back in 1971 at the tender age or 16 as a maintenance engineer in the North West of England and more than 45 years later I am still involved!

Today as а Managing Director and owner of Sofema Aviation Services, a Bulgarian Based Regulatory Consulting and Training Company, and owner of  

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Our Industry continues to face multiple challenges, including the obligation to comply with a significant regulatory burden but it does not stop there!  Other initiatives abound introduced by for example IATA (IOSA) and other niche compliance & SMS drivers (ISBAO & ISBAH for business operators).  

With Safety Management Systems, we have superimposed on this story of “compliance” a need to identify exposure in a different way using forward looking techniques where typically we identify gather data to evaluate the risk and exposure to “all” perceived hazards.

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A Discussion Document by Steven Bentley - MD of Sofema Aviation Services

Do we agree the purpose of an Aviation SMS?

1/ According to ICAO

 ICAO Doc9859 para 2.13.2 -  ‘A hazard is generically defined by safety practitioners as a condition or an object with the potential to cause death, injuries to personnel, damage to equipment or structures, loss of material, or reduction of the ability to perform a prescribed function.’

ICAO Doc9859 para 2.14.2 - ‘Safety risk is the projected likelihood and severity of the consequence or outcome from an existing hazard or situation.’

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