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EASA Regulation Part 66 (Derived from Joint Airworthiness Authorities (JAR) JAR 66 establishes the requirements for issuing an Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License (AMEL) to support the process to manage the competence of  Aircraft Maintenance Engineers.

Similar to other EASA regulations The Part 66 Regulation is divided into two parts.

Section A which sets out the requirements that must be met by Industry.

Section B deals with the procedures to be followed by the competent authorities.

In order to be entitled to exercise certification privileges on a specific aircraft type, the holder of aircraft maintenance license need to have his/her license endorsed with the relevant aircraft ratings.

Tagged in: Part 66
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How to Ensure the Independence of Audits within an EASA Part 147 Organization

When we talk about the Quality System we are off course considering both the function of QA & QC.
The QA audit process must be independent which means the auditor is not involved in the day to deliver delivery of training or management of processes.

It should also be understood that the audits do not replace the need for ongoing Quality Control (QC) activities.

The audits which we will carry out are considered as “compliance audits” and essentially follow a prescriptive checklist ensuring that all elements of the process are delivering in accordance with both the regulatory and organizational requirements.

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A Part 66 License belongs to an individual and is valid for 5 years, an organization approval is only valid whilst the holder is employed by the organization and may in fact have expiration's which are limited by other factors. (For example recurrent training validity)
Part-66 licenses facilitate the certification of the release to service of aircraft after maintenance and to work within the Base Maintenance (note the need for company authorization) there is a distinct difference between gaining an Aircraft Maintenance Engineers License (AMEL) and gaining organization approval to certify aircraft.

To become a Licensed Aircraft Engineer, there are basically two routes:

a) The approved course (Taught by a suitable approved EASA Part 147 Training Provider)
Note - In the case of attendance to an approved course, the minimum experience requirement is reduced from 5 years to 2 years for approved course graduates.
b) The self-improver (The Self-Improver Route Requires evidence of 5 years of appropriate experience together with passes in all applicable Part 66 modules. The evidence is then presented to the Competent Authority. (10 years allowed))

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The EASA Part 66 license is the qualification that enables the holder with suitable type or task training to provide through organizational approval and in some situations directly the Certification of European registered managed or maintained aircraft to allow a Certificate of Release to Service either through EASA Part 145.A.50 or EASA Part M Subpart H CRS.

What will a Part 66 license allow me to do?

A Part 66 license is a pre-requisite to allow you with appropriate organizational approval to certify the release to service of aircraft after maintenance and to work in maintenance organizations as support staff. It should be noted that all education received in support of Part 66 Basic Aspirations must be acquired under the control and oversight of a Part-147 training organization approved by EASA. There is currently no conversion process available in non EU countries which allow for the issue of a Part 66 license it is necessary to follow fully the EASA Guidelines and process to obtain your Part 66 License.

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An application for an aircraft maintenance License or change to such License shall be made on an EASA Form 19 (Form 19 is adopted and issued by each regulatory authority).
The application are normally made under the jurisdiction of the Competent Authority of any European Member State.
Once a member state issues your license you will normally continue to use this Member State (It is possible to change though there is little reason to do so!).
Please note that SofemaOnline works with our Romanian Partner, European Aviation Institute who is an EASA Part 147 approved Maintenance Training Organization (MTO) with Certificate of Approval No RO.147.0003. Therefore the applicable regulatory authority is the Romanian Civil Aviation Authority.

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The following information introduces the different Aircraft Maintenance Engineers license types which are available to European EASA Part 66 Licensed aircraft Engineers.
The Basic, non-type rated license also known as a Category “A” License does not in itself convey certification rights, directly but allows the holder to certify “limited and simple maintenance tasks only” as specified on his (or her) “personal authorization Document”.
On the basis of the Maintenance Engineers License, together with satisfactory demonstration of competency and knowledge of organizational procedures the personal authorization document is issued by an approved Part-145 organization. 

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Typically employed either by a standalone Continuous Airworthiness Management Organisation (CAMO) or as a member of an Operators CAMO team, the Airworthiness Review Staff has a specific responsibility to ensure the Continuing Airworthiness of the applicable aircraft are maintained.

To be approved to carry out airworthiness reviews and if applicable, to issue permits to fly, an approved CAMO shall have appropriate airworthiness review staff to issue airworthiness review certificates or to make recommendations to the regulatory authority as appropriate.

Once satisfied the Airworthiness Review Certificate - Staff (ARC) Staff will either issue a full airworthiness review or sign an extension for aircraft maintained in a controlled environment (Between Airworthiness Reviews).

Tagged in: Airworthiness ARC CAMO EASA
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SofemaOnline is pleased to announce in conjunction with our EASA 147 training partner European Aviation Institute we are launching an online EASA Part 66 training program. ( is owned by Sofema Aviation Services

All Part 66 Basic Modules are being progressively loaded onto the SofemaOnline (SOL) Learning Management System (LMS) Platform allowing you to review the material and sit the online exam. When you are ready we can help you to take the module exam under EASA Part 147 “exam conditions” which will provide you a credit valid for 10 years.

SofemaOnline is an EASA Regulatory & Vocational online training provider of EASA Compliant and now offers EASA Part 66 Online Training. SOL provides a cost effective solution to help you in your preparations for your EASA Part 66 Basic Licence. When you are confident you are ready you may undertake the module exam under full EASA 147 compliant conditions, either in Bucharest Romania or at one of the nominated remote locations.

SofemaOnline offers online EASA Part 66 module courses which provide an essential representation of the syllabus for each module. On completion a multi choice examination is provided to test your knowledge.

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What people say about SofemaOnline?

"Very helpful, because during the course there are included many useful examples from real environment.” – E.Z. for Fuel Tank Safety (Recurrent) with VO /January 2016/

"It will definitely be helpful for the participants as it clears the basic concepts and give innovative ideas to implement the procedure in their own organisation." – R.R. for Part M Maintenance Planning Essentials /January 2016/

"It is very useful to implement its concepts into the work” – S.A. for Root Cause Analysis for Quality Assurance Practitioners /March 2016/

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SofemaOnline is pleased to announce the introduction of a new corporate discount program that offers up to 40% discount for corporate clients.

This is not a “onetime offer”, rather it has been introduced as a standard business tool that we are pleased to offer our clients, to drive value from their allocated regulatory training budget.

SofemaOnline – The E-learning Revolution!

SofemaOnline (SOL) is leading the online EASA regulatory compliant E-learning Revolution! by offering a huge portfolio of material – professional support and innovative solutions including SASWEB.

Through our Learning Management System (LMS), SOL is able to offer both standard and tailored solutions to support our major clients with in-company courses covering internal procedures and “mini” training courses.

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In aviation we have procedures for just about every activity. As we understand procedures are connected to policies as well as the need to demonstrate regulatory compliance.
Procedures belong within the QC environment but facilitate the functioning of the QA process. Without procedures auditing becomes very challenging (Ultimately it is the business area owner or post holder/nominated person (NP) who has the ultimate responsibility for the integrity of the procedure).

In our PART M - CAR M / Part 145 – CAR 145 environment we have the Continuous Airworthiness Management Exposition (CAME) and the Maintenance Organization Exposition (MOE) Procedures as well as a myriad of other documents.

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The list below includes the training courses delivered by Sofema Aviation Services, through it's online learning portal - SofemaOnline. We develop new courses constantly and the page is updated on a regular basis.

Promo Packages

Aircraft Maintenance Planning Package - Special Package of 5 Maintenance Planning courses
Aviation Leadership and Management Skills Development Package - Package consists of: Building Competency, Leadership Skills, Communication and Assertiveness
Consolidated CAMO Package - Includes: Part M Essentials for Large Aircrafts; Aircraft Technical Records & EASA Part 21 Review for CAMO Staff
Continuing Airworthiness Package - Package includes: Part 145 and Part M Essentials together with VO
Initial package - HF, FTS, EWIS 1&2

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Now that we know the exposure which we face from FOD we should also understand the importance of FOD training!

Dealing with the Challenge of Training Adults

The first point to understand is that adults learn best when they understand the reason behind the training – so this becomes the first challenge.

To share the importance not just of FOD training, but of really following FOD procedures to ensure that we remove any possibility of personally being involved in the production of FOD. Moreover we understand the obligation which we share to correctly dispose of any FOD we see whilst we are working. 

Training can be delivered on line or in a classroom environment and becomes an opportunity to share information including the challenges of encouraging people to follow the FOD “rules”.

Training New Employees

It is good practice to ensure that New Employees do not start work until they have successfully passed through a FOD Training Program. 

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Part M concerns specifically the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances together with the approval of organizations and personnel involved in these tasks.
First to understand that EASA the abbreviation for European Aviation Safety Agency is the governing agency for all European regulations in the environment of Operations, Maintenance, Airports, Air Traffic Control and Air Navigation.
In 2002 empowered by the European Commission Regulation EC 1592/2002, EASA created European Commission Regulation EC No. 2042/2003 which together with several amendments provided us with EASA Part M of this regulation. Specifying airworthiness requirements for EU based carriers and owners of private aircraft in regard to the obligation to manage continuing airworthiness. This was further consolidated in 2014 with introduction of the updated regulation 1321/2014 which together with further amendments is current today (Jun 2016).

Tagged in: CAM CAMO EASA Part M
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Sofema Aviation Services are pleased to announce the availability of Part 145 Essentials with VO online training on SofemaOnline.
Sofema Aviation Services works closely with aviation industry to design and deliver comprehensive online trainings that is relevant and responsive to the expectations of the Organizations, at minimum cost.
The focus of Sofema Training is to share the understanding regarding the role of regulatory compliance which is in fact minimum compliance. Our goal is to share that regulatory compliance is not in itself a challenge rather it presents opportunities which allows the organization to successfully optimize and grow the business.
With 45 years of Commercial Experience behind SAS we look through the “Organizations” Eyes with specific focus on the Practical interpretation of the regulations.

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What is the difference between Policy, Process and Procedures?
A Policy is essentially a set of basic principles and associated guidelines, formulated and enforced by the organization typically designed to demonstrate compliance with a regulatory obligation and in so doing demonstrate objectives and actions in pursuit of long-term goals.
A Process is typically understood to be a sequence of usually separate but linked procedures and which, also requires a number of resources to achieve.
Procedures provide instructions or guidance ideally in clear, non-ambiguous, and effective manner describing in “simple language” to how a particular task or activity should be accomplished.

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Dangerous goods are “articles or substances which are capable of posing a risk to health, safety, property or the environment” and which are covered under the IATA regulations. IATA DGR Appendix A.
Many everyday items and substances can be dangerous when transported by air.
Due to the variations in temperature and pressure during a flight, some of these items may leak or break, generating toxic fumes or possibly starting a fire.

Employees who may come into contact with dangerous goods need to be aware of the nature of such goods, their potential for causing incidents and accidents and how they should be dealt with.
In addition anyone processing Passengers or performing security checks on them need to have a high level of awareness and to be vigilant regarding the potential for passengers to unknowingly carry Dangerous Goods on their person or to place in the personal baggage in the aircraft cargo compartment.

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If you are involved in any way with the shipping of Dangerous Goods then you require training, even if you are not personally responsible you may still require Dangerous goods awareness training. (See the following Job Role definition for persons who require DG Awareness Training).
- Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff accepting Cargo or Mail (other than Dangerous Goods) For Operators who Carry DG (Fly with DG)
- Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff involved in the handling, storage and loading of cargo or mail and baggage. For Operators who Carry DG (Fly with DG)
- Passenger Handling Staff – applicable to both DG and Non DG Carriers (Fly & No Fly DG)
- Flight Crew Members, Load Masters, Load Planners and Flight Operations Officers / Flight Dispatchers (Where the operator carries Dangerous Goods (Fly with DG)
- Flight Crew Members (other than Flight Crew Members previously identified) – applicable to both DG and Non DG Carriers (Fly & No Fly DG)
- Security Staff who deal with the screening of passengers and crew and their baggage and cargo or mail (e.g. Security screeners, their supervisors and staff involved in implementing security procedures.
- Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff accepting Cargo or Mail (other than Dangerous Goods) For Operators who “DO NOT” Carry DG (No Fly with DG)
- Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff involved in the handling, storage and loading of cargo or mail and baggage.
- Flight Crew Members, Load Masters, Load Planners and Flight Operations Officers / Flight Dispatchers (Where the operator does not carry Dangerous Goods (No Fly)

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The effectiveness of the Safety Management System is directly connected to the management of Competence throughout the organisation.
The goal of an effective safety Management System (SMS) competence management system is to:
a) Reduce risks
b) Ensure compliance with all legal and other regulatory requirements
c) Comply with the organisation’s business objectives and ensure contractual commitments
d) Empower individuals to deliver their job role obligations in a safe, efficient and effective way
Delivering functional safety relies on a complex mix of Process Procedures, oversight mechanisms, Human Factors and the impact of the Safety Culture within the workplace. Competence can be negatively affected by aspects of physical, medical or mental fitness which should also be considered on an ongoing basis.
Competence is an essential attribute when considering behaviours in a non-normal situations.
For a person to be considered competent, they need appropriate qualifications, together with experience, and other “soft skills” appropriate to their job role.

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Coming soon on SofemaOnline: Dangerous Goods Awareness Training

All online trainings are designed to provide essential Dangerous Goods (DG) Training for all groups of staff who need to have an awareness of all aspects of DG by Air, relevant to the specific Job Requirements.

Each Training consists of “Mandatory” required aspects together with additional relevant awareness and guidance information.

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