Recent blog posts

SofemaOnline takes a look at the facts concerning EPA

Introduction

FAA Parts Manufacturer Approval (PMA) is a combined design & production approval which does not exist within the EASA system. All design is done by EASA Part 21 Subpart J & All Production (assuming there is approved design data) is done by EASA Part 21 G Organisation.

Note EASA Part 21 Subpart F is for cases (typically part of design development) where there is no production authorisation approval.

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Sofema Aviation Services provides clarification regarding the various terms used to describe the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) rulemaking.

Introduction - Here’s a quick self-check!

Can you explain the difference between a “Decision” and an “Opinion”? (If like many of Sofema delegates you are not so sure, then you are in good company :)

Here we take a look at some of the common terms and explain what are the differences.

Can EASA Interpret EU Law?

EASA is not the competent authority to interpret EU Law. The responsibility to interpret EU Law rests with the judicial system, and ultimately with the European Court of Justice. EASA cannot even provide an 'authentic interpretation' (which is an official interpretation of a statute issued by the statute's legislator). 

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SofemaOnline considers the acceptance of Parts Manufacture Authority (PMA) parts within the European System.

An FAA PMA is the normal approval mechanism for any company that wants to produce and sell aircraft parts, however, is not in possession of a production certificate for a complete aircraft, engine or propeller. In accordance with EASA Decision No. 2007/003/C PMA parts are approved following the issue of the FAA PMA (without the requirement for a separate application).

The European Union (EU) regulations require that EASA issue certificates for the design of parts and of their installation into products subject to those EU regulations. This created a problem because when EASA was formed, several significant EU member states had long-standing agreements to accept FAA-PMA parts from the United States. This made sense for supporting European air carriers who were already using such parts.

Tagged in: Acceptance EASA Parts PMA
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Sofema Aviation Services has the answer!

Introduction

The management of aircraft technical records whether from an operator’s perspective (Lessee) or representing the aircraft owner (Lessor) is 2 sides of the same story and whilst the operator is mandated to ensure the continuing airworthiness of the aircraft, the lessor is absolutely focused on managing the “asset” to protect their investment.

If you are looking to work either as a tech records specialist with the Airlines or to support the lessor organization – this course will provide a significant understanding of the many obligations, process & procedures which come together to manage an aircraft.

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SofemaOnline takes a look at the ins & outs of the end of lease transitional checklists

Forthcoming Technical Records Training Notification

Aircraft Technical Records Specialist Lessee Management for CAMO & TR Staff – 2 Days, Dubai, UAE  2nd of February & 3rd of February 2020

Introduction

Anyone who has gone through the “pain” of an aircraft re-delivery will know about the potential for an upset with the potential of a costly failure a distinct possibility, particularly if you do not plan the process correctly. Whilst much of a transition delivery is outside of the lessor’s direct control due to the involvement of external organisations – MRO & Parts Suppliers – Part 21J Design Organisations etc. It is still both possible and advantageous for the Lessor to take all-natural precautions.

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Sofema Aviation Services looks at the best practice associated with Technical Records Redelivery Preparation.

Forthcoming Technical Records Training Notification:

Aircraft Technical Records Specialist Lessee Management for CAMO & TR Staff – 2 Days, Dubai, UAE  2nd of February & 3rd of February 2020

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Presented by SofemaOnline

Do you want to grow RVSM Competence in your organisation? Online or Classroom EASA compliant RVSM training available now!

Concerning Operational Approval

Ref - AMC3 SPA.RVSM.105 RVSM operational approval (ED Decision 2017/009/R)

a. Maintenance programme

The aircraft maintenance programme should include the instructions for continuing airworthiness issued by the type certificate holder in relation to the RVSM operations certification in accordance with AMC1 ACNS.A.GEN.010. 

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Sofema Aviation Services (www.sassofia.com) takes a look “under the hood” of EASA Compliant Quality Auditing Derived Data. 

Introduction

Effective Quality Management ensures that the organization's products and services are able to continue to meet internal company, client and all “Regulatory Requirements”.
Quality Assurance is the means by which the quality management process can be focused on providing confidence that all quality requirements will be fulfilled.

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Sofema Online (www.sofemaonline.com) takes a look at the process to manage the competency of EASA Part 147 Invigilators.

Introduction – Best Practice Requirements related to Exam Invigilators

Regarding the Nomination of an Invigilator

Firstly let's consider what we mean by Invigilator? - An exam invigilator is typically appointed by the maintenance training organization (MTO) for the purpose of ensuring the correct conduct of a particular examination in accordance with the examination procedures of the EASA Part 147 organization.

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SofemaOnline (www.sofemaonline.com) considers criteria related to EASA Part 147 Examiner Competencies

Basic Training - Knowledge Examiners

Specialty Knowledge - Knowledge examiners should meet the same criteria as the theoretical instructor of the concerned modules (i.e. examiner for module 11 meets the criteria of instructor module 11)

Pedagogical Skills - completion of a “Train the examiner course” and

Assessment performed and documented by the Training Organisation’s Examination’s Manager (if himself appropriately qualified as knowledge examiner and in accordance with an MTOE procedure).

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Sofema Aviation Services (www.sassofia.com) considers key aspects related to Safety Management System (SMS) Root Cause processes.

Introduction

To fully engage with the RCA process and achieve effective risk analysis and assessment, requires that we first identify a process by which we can identify and report on hazards. 

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SofemaOnline (www.sofemaonline.com) considers SMS RCA Obligations

Introduction

All elements of your business should share the same SMS as well as the same process of engagement, in addition, all elements and processes need to be promoted and educated throughout the organization.

The transition from a traditional SMS to the ICAO Annex 19 “Risk Managed Model”, required many changes throughout the organization process and procedures as well as physical within the workplace.

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Introduction 

SofemaOnline (SOL) is pleased to announce the availability of a dedicated training program for EASA Third Country Part 145 Component Maintenance Organisation Part 66 Module 9 & Part 66 Module 10 online training which taken together is available as a specially priced package.

EASA requires that Third Country Part 145 Component, Engine & APU Certifying Staff are familiar with and can demonstrate completion of EASA Part 66 Training appropriate to Module 9 Human Factors & Module 10 Air Legislation.

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www.Sofemaonline.com enables competence development for both individuals and organizations providing a valuable regulatory and vocational learning opportunity.

Our Learning Diplomas are quickly becoming an effective solution to the challenge of building competency, with more than 150 online courses currently available we are ideally positioned to support your training needs. The Sofema Online team is renowned for its excellent preparation and organization skills providing a superb online learning experience as well as a friendly and approachable customer service – Contact Sofema Online now at Online@sassofia.com  

Sofema Courses are developed by subject matter experts with a strong work ethic as well as a deep knowledge and passion for their subject. Our focus is aimed at raising your competency by significantly improving your knowledge, understanding and practical skills.

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SofemaOnline - Case Study Eastern Airlines

Introduction

For many people in aviation today the events of Eastern Airlines Flight 855 are long forgotten, however, the memory does live on and on this fateful day many lives were saved thanks to the calm and professional approach of the pilots.

What happened?

On May 5, 1983, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, registration N334EA, en route from Miami International Airport to Nassau International Airport, experienced the loss of all three engines near Miami, Florida. Following a decision to return to Miami.

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SofemaOnline reviews the errors specifically attributable to interaction with documentation in the production of task cards and other maintenance data.

Introduction

It is both understood and recognized that certain aircraft maintenance errors are strongly linked to the issue of documentation both related to its content as well as the lack of use/engagement.

Related to technical authorship the primary concern is that the technician may misunderstand the information/context and as a result use their own knowledge instead of seeking clarification of a potential anomaly.

Case Study (Based on Data gathered following investigation & workshops)

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SofemaOnline takes a look at the pros and cons of aircraft lease options

The acquisition cost of aircraft is a significant undertaking with Boeing & Airbus Narrow Body Jets around the million USD.

Serious discounts are on offer for multiple purchases and with the buying power of the large leasing companies typically able to order aircraft well into double digits the leasing companies are able to generate interesting options for operators whereby the cost of acquisition can be more competitive from a leasing company than going to the manufacturer directly.

Note - Whilst this applies of course to new aircraft and the leasing companies have the added advantage of a portfolio of pre-owned aircraft.

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SofemaOnline looks at language-related issues and exposure-related specifically to the Aviation Maintenance environment

Introduction

Communication effectiveness and efficiency serve as an important pillar to maintain safety and aviation professionals have a responsibility to engage with a fully understandable communication process.

Communication enables people, processes, structure, and systems, to interact simultaneously and effectively. Communication skills not only include verbal behavior and effective use of the appropriate words but include the need to ensure appropriate tone of voice, body expression, as well as other gestures.

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Sofema Aviation Services considers the Challenges of Developing an Effective Training Needs Analysis in support of EASA Part 147 type training

All Maintenance Training Organisations are required to generate their own TNA (Training Needs Analysis) and syllabus to develop their type or basic training courses in accordance with regulation 1321/2014.

Whilst the TNA process is proprietorial to the organization which creates the training course it is nevertheless a requirement that the entire process is subject to audit either by the applicable CAA or another auditor.

The essential purpose of the audit is to ensure the validity of the TNA management process. In particular to ensure the correctness of TNA outcomes including the training duration.

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Considering Changes introduced by COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/1383 of 8 July 2019 amending and correcting Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 as regards safety management systems in continuing airworthiness management organizations and alleviation's for general aviation aircraft concerning maintenance and continuing airworthiness management.

Sofema Aviation Services considers the new regulation

Subjects Covered

Related to Commission Regulation (EU) No 1321/2014 & the introduction of simplified Continuous Airworthiness (CAW) requirements corresponding to the lower risks associated with light aircraft in general aviation, which is not listed in the air operator certificate of an air carrier.

Related to Aircraft Maintenance Programmes (AMP) airworthiness reviews and deferment of defects.

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