Dangerous Goods Awareness

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When we consider Dangerous Goods (DG) in aviation the primary concern is the Safety of Passengers, Crew plus the Aircraft as of course the actual Goods which are being transported.

If DG is mishandled in some way it can cause delays and disruption, it may even cause a serious and ultimately fatal accident with the potential loss of even of the aircraft and occupants.

What do we mean by DG?

Essentially we may consider Dangerous Goods are articles or substances capable of posing a risk to a person’s health, safety, property or the environment.

As well as Dangerous Goods which form part of the aircraft basic operational configuration and as such do not need to be declared, Dangerous Goods are also carried on-board the aircraft in passenger or crew carry-on baggage, as well as in the cargo holds as checked passenger baggage, or carried and declared as Dangerous Goods in cargo.

Dangerous Goods Considerations

a) Dangerous Goods forbidden for Air Transport - Such items are TOTALLY Forbidden under all circumstances.
b) Dangerous Goods Acceptable as Passenger or Crew Baggage - Whilst these items are dangerous they may be carried in passenger or crew baggage. Typically they are subject to limitations as to the amount which may be carried.
c) Dangerous Goods Acceptable as Air Cargo - These include all other permitted Dangerous Goods they are subject to specific requirements and conditions covering the management and storage, labelling, packing, and quantity and loading.

What Regulations govern the carriage of Dangerous Goods by air?

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is ultimately responsible for the setting of the related standards (for all aviation activities including carriage of DG). ICAO is a body of the UN (United Nations). Each member country of the UN sends representatives to sit on the ICAO panel of experts who produce the DG.

Standards Document known as DG Technical Instructions. Each member country agrees to adopt the Technical Instructions into their Civil Laws.

Commercially the major player is The International Air Transport Association (IATA) which whilst it is considered a trade association publishes an Annual document which is used almost universally. Known as IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations. (DGR) Containing all the information contained in the ICAO Technical Instructions, plus extra “user friendly” information.

Dangerous Goods recurrent training should be performed every 24 months.
DG Items which are restricted in the cabin must be announced to passengers at all check-in counters. At all boarding gates and at all Security Check-points.

Dangerous Goods Awareness training which is compliant with ICAO recommendations is available currently on www.sassofia.com and www.sofemaonline.com 

DG 1 (Category 7) Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff (see overview for details)
DG 2 (Category 8) Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff (see overview for details)
DG 3 (Category 9 and Category 15) Passenger Handling Staff – applicable to both DG and Non DG Carriers (Fly & No Fly DG)
DG 4 (Category 10) Flight Crew Members, Load Masters, Load Planners and Flight Operations Officers / Flight Dispatchers (see overview for details)
DG 5 (Category 11 and Category 17) Flight Crew Members (other than Flight Crew Members in DG 4)
DG 6 (Category 12) Security Staff who deal with the screening of passengers and crew and their baggage
DG 7 (Category 13) Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff accepting Cargo or Mail (other than DG)
DG 8 (Category 14) Operators and Ground Handling Agent's staff involved in the handling, storage and loading of cargo or mail and baggage
DG 9 (Category 16) Flight Crew Members, Load Masters, Load Planners and Flight Operations Officers / Flight Dispatchers (see overview for details)

If you have any questions regarding SofemaOnline please email us at online@sassofia.com

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