EASA Regulatory Risk and Performance-Based Oversight Fundamentals

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Sofema Online (SOL) www.sofemaonline.com considers the Performance-Based Oversight (PBO) approach proscribed by EASA.

Introduction

EASA's risk-based and performance-based oversight approach is designed to ensure that the aviation industry operates safely, efficiently, and sustainably while minimizing risks to passengers, crew, and the environment.

Whilst the introduction of PBO is a complex and challenging task that requires significant effort from EASA and other stakeholders. However, the potential benefits of PBO, such as improved safety performance and more efficient use of resources, make it a worthwhile endeavour.

To effectively manage regulatory oversight, EASA utilizes a risk-based approach that prioritizes its resources and efforts towards the areas of highest risk.

» This approach involves identifying and analyzing potential risks and then developing strategies to mitigate or manage those risks.
» Risk assessment is carried out using a range of tools, including data analysis, trend analysis, and risk modelling.

EASA also employs a performance-based approach to oversight, which focuses on outcomes rather than prescriptive regulations.

» This approach involves setting performance objectives and standards and then monitoring and assessing performance against those standards.
» It provides more flexibility for operators to innovate and find more efficient and effective ways of achieving safety objectives.

To support its regulatory oversight activities, EASA established a Risk and Performance-Based Oversight Fundamentals (RPBO) framework.

» This framework provides guidance and tools for managing risk and ensuring effective oversight in the aviation industry. It includes a range of components, such as risk management, performance-based oversight, compliance monitoring, and safety promotion.

What challenge does EASA face to introduce Performance-Based Oversight

» Developing appropriate performance indicators:

o EASA needs to identify and define appropriate performance indicators that will effectively measure an organization's safety performance.
o These indicators must be objective, measurable, and aligned with the organization's objectives.

» Ensuring consistency: EASA needs to ensure that its PBO approach is consistent across all organizations and regions within the European Union.

o This requires standardization of performance indicators, measurement methods, and evaluation processes.

» Balancing oversight and support: EASA needs to balance its role as a regulator with its role as a partner in supporting organizations in their pursuit of safety excellence.

o PBO requires a collaborative approach between regulators and organizations, with the regulator providing oversight and support as necessary.

» Building trust: EASA needs to build trust with organizations to encourage them to participate in PBO.

o Organizations may be hesitant to share data and information with regulators, fearing that it may be used against them in the future.

» Resources: PBO requires significant resources, including skilled personnel and advanced data analytics capabilities.

o EASA must ensure that it has the necessary resources to implement PBO effectively.

» Resistance to change: Introducing a new approach such as PBO may face resistance from stakeholders who are comfortable with the existing system.

o EASA needs to effectively communicate the benefits of PBO to overcome resistance to change.

Next Steps

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