Blog posts tagged in Compliance

Sofema Online (SOL) considers the relationship between ANNEX II of CAR-PART I-CAR-BR and CAR AIR OPS


Within the GCAA, the Basic Regulation, also known as CAR-PART I-CAR-BR, establishes the fundamental regulatory framework for air operations in the UAE.

>> ANNEX II of CAR-PART I-CAR-BR outlines the Essential Requirements for Air Operations. These requirements set the standards and guidelines that operators, pilots, and other aviation stakeholders must adhere to in order to maintain safe and efficient air operations in the UAE.

>> GCAA CAR AIR OPS play a crucial role in regulating and overseeing air operations in the UAE. By establishing clear guidelines and standards.

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Sofema Online (SOL) looks at the various elements within a CAR AIR OPS-approved organisation.

Introduction - AMC1 ORO.GEN.200(a)(6) Management system - Compliance Monitoring — General

Compliance monitoring

>> The operator should specify the basic structure of the compliance monitoring function applicable to the activities conducted.
>> The compliance monitoring function should be structured according to the size of the operator and the complexity of the activities to be monitored;

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers oversight fundamentals related to the assessment of an EASA Compliant Quality Assurance System (QAS) / Compliance Management System (CMS)

Introduction – Oversight activities based on looking at how the organisation looks at itself

The Accountable Manager within the EASA system is directly responsible to ensure financing of any aspect of the business which directly contributes to the showing of compliance with regulatory requirements.

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Sofema Online (SOL) Considers the CAMO Personnel obligations to comply with UAE GCAA Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition (CAME) requirements related to Safety & Compliance.

Safety management and compliance monitoring function - AMC1 S-1.CAMO.305(a)(4);(a)(5)

Safety management

Regardless of the organisational set-up, it is important that the safety manager remains the unique focal point for the development, administration, and maintenance of the organisation’s safety management processes.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the fundamentals of a Risk-Based Oversight System (RBO)


An aviation Risk-Based Oversight System is a system that aims to enhance safety in the aviation industry by identifying, analyzing, and mitigating risks.

The goal of RBO is to take a proactive and risk-based approach to aviation safety oversight. By identifying potential safety risks and taking appropriate measures to mitigate those risks, regulatory authorities can help ensure the safety of aviation operations.

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the roles, responsibilities and obligations to ensure compliance with UAE GCAA regulatory requirements.

Introduction CAR 145.35 Certifying staff and support staff

Shall comply with the following:

» Comply with 145.30(g) and 145.30(h)
» Certifying staff and support staff - understanding of the relevant aircraft and/or components to be maintained
» Understanding associated organisation procedures. (Before the issue or re-issue of the certification authorisation.)

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Sofema Online (SOL) considers the options to ensure compliance with AMC1 CAMO.A.310(a)(3) Airworthiness review staff qualifications (ED Decision 2020/002/R)

» Sofema Online Training for Airworthiness Review Staff
» EASA Airworthiness Review Staff Training Courses

Summary of General Qualifications for Airworthiness Review Staff

» At least 5 years of experience in continuing airworthiness;
» Acquired an appropriate license in compliance with Annex (III) Part-66 or an aeronautical degree or a national equivalent; 

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Considerations by Sofema Online (SOL)


The SAFA programme started in 1996 and is focused on assessing the level of compliance with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) standards of the airlines operating at the various airports which are within the jurisdiction of the European Aviation Authorities.

» The objective is to raise the overall safety level of airlines by requiring correction and prevention of identified discrepancies with ICAO standards.

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A Great Question and Sofema Online (SOL) is pleased to provide the answer!

It’s for anyone who wants to accelerate their personal learning and to be able to demonstrate core competency related to regulatory knowledge. 

Gain access now to over 250 Regulatory Compliant & Vocational Training Courses

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Steve Bentley CEO of Sofema Aviation Services (SAS) explains the role of the training material presented by SAS & SOL (Sofema Online) and considers the obligations of the receiving organisation 


Sofema Aviation Services was founded back in 2008 – currently, we provide over 550 Classroom & Webinar Courses and over 220 Online courses through our sister site

Since the beginning of Jan 2020, we have had over 17500 enrollments in our regulatory training.

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Sofema Online (SOL) – considers the various techniques which can be employed to ensure an effective compliance audit

Introduction EASA OPS Regulation 965/2012 

The issue of OPS regulation 965/2012 moved the emphasis of EASA driven organizational systems further in the direction of assessing compliance related to performance. With adjustments to the audit schedule to include additional attention being given to the effectiveness of the business processes.

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Aircraft Maintenance Program Development – Considerations by Sofema Aviation Services (SAS)


When dealing with the complex technical systems involved in air transport, the consequences of unreliable services become critical and may include:

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Presented by Sofemaonline (


Part ML is applicable from 24 March 2020 - Here we look at the obligations to ensure compliance with the regulatory obligations.

Note 1: There is no Quality System directly embedded within these regulations so the oversight will come from either a Part CAMO or Part CAO Organisation.

Note 2: There is no Safety Management System (SMS) applicable to Part ML which essentially concerns aircraft operated only for private purposes below the threshold of 2730 kg.

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SofemaOnline ( looks at the challenges which an auditor faces when searching for non-conformities.


Compliance Auditing is typically charged with meeting the challenge of ensuring that the organisation always remains fully compliant with both internal and external obligations.

Aviation is a complex environment and the challenge of staying fully aligned with the EASA regulations at all levels requires a proactive approach to maintaining a full understanding of all the applicable regulatory obligations.

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So there are essentially 2 elements to this presentation:

a) Considering the Role of Quality Assurance means What does an EASA Quality Assurance Do?
b) Maximising the Return on the Investment (Which Investment? - Essentially the Investment the Organisation makes to deliver the role of Quality Assurance)

Considering the QA - QC connection

One interpretation defines QC as “to check, test, or verify by evidence or experiments” and assurance being defined as “confidence of delivery” (maybe too narrow for our needs).

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Posted by on in Regulatory

Review the Following

Details of ageing aircraft system requirements with any specified sampling programmes (if applicable).

Details of specific structural maintenance programmes (if applicable), including but not limited to:

a. Damage Tolerance and Supplemental Structural Inspection Programmes (SSID)


Increased utilisation, longer operational lives, and the high safety demands imposed on the current fleet of transport aeroplanes indicate the need for a programme to ensure a high level of structural integrity for all aeroplanes in the transport fleet.

Tagged in: Compliance Part M Review
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To deliver effective EASA compliance audits it is necessary to pay attention to a number of key areas which are identified below for discussion purposes.

a) Maintaining Objectivity
b) Sample Size
c) Value of Finding Raised
d) Operator’s Authority on Area of Audit

Maintaining Objectivity

Objectivity requires both perspective and balance on the part of the auditor. We should also pay attention to the fundamental reason we are carrying out the audit.

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The essential purpose of an EASA compliance audit is to support the maintenance of the regulatory approval.

Quality Assurance Compliance Audits are a systematic and independent comparison of the way the system process or objective is met. Using the observations made during this audit, as “objective evidence” a comparison is thus made against the standard, generating non-conformities or corrective actions in the event of any discrepancy.

The audits should be documented with a checklist which shows the details of the audit standard or audit criteria which is being applied to the audit.

Note 1 Quality Assurance Audits are Prescriptive in as much as they are always referenced against a standard – means compliant.

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Why should we wish to measure the performance of our Compliance Audit Process?

Essentially for 2 reasons

1/ The first is that we have an organisational obligation to ensure both regulatory and organisation compliance and of course there is a cost for this – so the question becomes is the organisation receiving value for money?

2/ The second is because there is a cost associated lets call it a return on investment – if we invest more will we return more- without a measure we will not be able to understand this.

The Internal Audit function was predominantly existing as a mandatory process to ensure and demonstrate compliance is also able to focus on improving business performance and add value by supporting strategic business objectives.

Management communication of the various shortfalls related to the audit findings should be strong and consistent and to be demonstrated to have a contributory impact on a culture of compliance within an organization

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With the exception of EASA Part 21 Subpart J "Design Organisation Approval" which as will be aware is managed directly by EASA the process for all other approvals (Air Carrier – Part 145 / Part M / Part 147 / Part 21 Subpart G POE / ATO) essentially works as follows

Achieving Regulatory Approval (Simplified)

1/ The organisation demonstrates to the Competent Authority (CA) that they satisfy the pre-requisites to be granted the requested approval

Documentation / Facilities / Manpower / Competence / Finance / Oversight

2/ The Accountable Manager of the Approved Organisation signs a statement to confirm his or her responsibility related to ensure sufficient finance is available to maintain full compliance

3/ The Organisation must set up a process (Independent Quality Assurance) to ensure continuous compliance

4/ The CA periodically assess the organisation for continuous compliance and raises findings for any non – compliance (Level 1 or 2 as appropriate)

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